7.4. REVISION POINTS Critical thinking: It might be described as the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking and it include observation, analysis, interpretation, reflection, evaluation, inference, explanation, problem solving, and decision making. Critical thinking strategies : Use “Wasted” Time, A problem a day, Internalize Intellectual Standards, Keep an Intellectual Journal, Reshaping character, Dealing with ego, Redefining the ways of things, Getting in touch with emotions, Analyzing group influences on life. Specific skills required for critical thinking: Rationality, Self-awareness , Honesty , Open-mindedness, Discipline , and Judgment. Steps in critical thinking : Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, Evaluation Communication and critical thinking : On the basic level, the ability to think critically, reason through a problem, and develop a cogent argument or explanation is important for all types of daily communication and in the other part ability to learn how to follow another person's thought process and line of reasoning.
97 7.5. INTEXT QUESTIONS 1) What is critical thinking? Explain the skills needed for critical thinking 2) Discuss few purpose of critical thinking 3) Mention few strategies used in everyday life for critical thinking 4) Elaborate the specific skills need for critical thinking 5) Comprehend on the steps in critical thinking 7.6. SUMMARY Critical thinking has been the subject of much debate and thought since the time of early Greek philosophers such as Plato and Socrates and has continued to be a subject of discussion into the modern age. Critical thinkers rigorously question ideas and assumptions rather than accepting them at face value. Critical thinking involves the use of a group of interconnected skills to analyze, creatively integrate, and evaluate what you read and hear. 7.7. TERMINAL EXERCISES 1) What is meant by critical thinking? 2) List out the skills required for good and effective communication. 7.8. SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS 1) Joseph P. Buckley, “Nobody’s Perfect”, Security Management, May 1987, pp. 77. 2) N.R. Kleinfield, “The Ever - Father Business of Thinness”, New York Times, 7, September, 1986, Sec.3, 15. 7.9. ASSIGNMENT 1) A situation may be narrated and the group members may be asked to provide solutions based on critical thinking. 7.10 SUGGESTED READING/ REFERENCE/ BOOKS/SET BOOKS 1) Source URL: . 2) Paul, R. & Elder, L. (2001). Modified from the book by Paul, R. & Elder, L. (2001). Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Learning and Your Life 7.11. LEARNING ACTIVITIES Plan to interview a classmate about his on her career goals. Your purpose is to evaluate your classmate’s knowledge of the necessary course work, the desi red personal charecreristcs, and the level of industry demand for graduates persuing this carrer. Plan the tone and structure of the interview and the type of question you will ask. Develop at least five specific questions. Explain your plan and list your questions in a memo to your instructor. Then conduct the interview.