DJing The DJ employs a variety of techniques throughout a performance such as looping, sampling, and remixing of another artist’s music, sometimes without the original artist’s consent, however, this has become the hallmark of the Hip Hop style. More importantly, it can be seen as an evolution to Jamaican Dub Music, with a direct connection to Hip Hop being found in the Jamaican born DJ Kool Here who is credited with originating Hip Hop music. Given the technological nature of being a DJ, it wasn’t long before it grew into a field of its own, with the DJs a turntable evolving into a new instrument played by “Turntablists.” Of course, owing to the high-level of technical skill developed by these Turntablists, it will be only natural that many of them be producers as well. Summary: • Jamaican Dubbers evolved into DJs • DJs evolved into Turntablists • Turntablists became producers • The rapper is the MC and the DJ is the Turntablists. Djing: Essential Turntablists Techniques • Mixing/ cutting • Scratching • Spinning • Sampling • Song: choice/ Criteria
Beatboxing: The human instrument of instruments, Fat boys and the Doug E. Fresh add the get fresh crew The term “beatboxing” refers to the human imitation of instruments and is derived from the mimicry of the first generation of drum machines then known as beatboxers as well as the Latin instrument, the Cuica. Popularized by Doug E. Fresh, beatboxing represents the vocal percussion language of hip hop culture, and is primarily concerned with the art of creating beats, rhythms, and melodies using the human mouth. The art form enjoyed a strong presence in the 1980s with artists like Darren “Buffy” and the Human Beat Box” Robinso n of the Fat Boys and Biz Markie. Beatboxing declined in popularity along with the break dancing in the late 80s, and almost slipped even deeper than the underground. Beatboxing has resurged since the late 90s, marked by the release of “Make the Music 2000” by Rahzel of the Roots (who is known for even singing while beatboxing) His tracks: • The Fast Boys, “(Human Beat Box) 1984 , → Nobody beats the Biz • Biz Markie , “Just a Friend,” The Biz Never Sleeps. 1989 • Biz Markie and Will Smith Beatbox in Men in Black II, 2002 Graffiti: Medical Cures for the Chromatic commands of the inner city, the visual equivalent of hip hop Vocabulary: Bombing : a particular style of graffiti in which the inner train car is covered with graffiti Fade: Graduation/ gradation of colors Families: Rows of graffiti of the same name Floaters: Graf done on subway car panels at Freights: Railroad freight cars Graf: Short for graffiti One of the prolific graffiti artists of the era is TAKI 183, whose tag was short for Demetaki, a Greek alternative for his birthday name Demetrius, while number “183” referred to his address on 183 rd Street in Washington Heights. He was employed as a foot messenger in New York City and would “write” his tag around New York.
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- Winter '11
- Hip hop music