Involvement in volunteerism and community service Voter turnout Religion in

Involvement in volunteerism and community service

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Involvement in volunteerism and community service Voter turnout Religion in Emerging Adulthood Religious practice and affiliation declines Remains more important to American young adults than those in other developed nations Construction of individualized faith Associated with better adjustment Culture Change Entry level positions require more education Wealth and longevity free young adults from immediate entrance into workforce Emerging adulthood limited to specific populations Fostering Success in Emerging Adulthood Cognitive attributes Emotional attributes Social attributes Social supports Financial supports Relationship with parents Theories of Psychosocial Development
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Erikson: Intimacy vs. Isolation Intimacy Permanent commitment to intimate partner Giving up some independence, refining identity Secure identity associated with fidelity Fosters favorable friendships and work relationships Isolation Hesitant to form close ties Fear of losing identity: Competitive Rejecting of differences Threatened by closeness Levinson’s Early Adult Season Dream: image of self in adult world Men: career achievements Women: “split dreams” Mentor Second transition around age 30 Career -> Family Family -> Individual goals Valliant’s Adaptation to Life in Men Social Clock Age-graded expectations for life events Less rigid and greater differences than earlier generations Adherence lends confidence and social stability Intergenerational tensions/personal distress if not following or falling behind Close Relationships Differences in Mate Selection Women Financial status, intelligence, ambition, moral character Same age or slightly older Psychological before physical intimacy Men
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Attractiveness, domestic skills Younger partner Physical intimacy Selecting a Mate Most select partners similar to themselves Differences influenced by: Evolutionary perspective Biological and social forces Higher value placed on attributes that contribute to relationship satisfaction Childhood Attachment and Adult Romantic Relationships Triangular Theory of Love Cultures and Experience of Love Western Cultures Passion and respect = basis for marriage Dependency regarded as immature Eastern Cultures
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Companionship, practical matters and obligations to others = basis for marriage Dependency viewed positively Arranged marriages = intentional act of building love Friendships in Early Adulthood Friends: Typically similar in age, sex, SES, interests Enhance self-esteem Make life more interesting Trust, intimacy and loyalty still important Social media contributions Siblings as friends Gender and Friendship
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Chapter 15: Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood Vision Changes Presbyopia: inability to adjust focus to varying distances Pupil shrinks, lens yellow, vitreous and neural changes Poor vision in dim light Increased sensitivity to glare Decline in color discrimination Retinal sensitivity decreases Risk of glaucoma
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