Chinese Politics Reading Notes.docx

Paternalistic pattern of authority and a social order

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paternalistic pattern of authority and a social order based on superior-inferior rankings in human relationships from husband-wife to emperor-subject; and power as status, a traditional reverence toward power as the necessary component for generating order and civilization out of chaos and barbism The expectation that individual interests must be compatible with the loyalty to the group constant sharply with the modern western assumption that the needs of the individual and the group often conflict with each other Asian emphasis on the group seems to be an asset in the process of economic and political modernization. Loyalty of japanese workers Cultural preference for decision making by consensus Essential preservation of the group itself
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Group decision reflect cosmic order Loyal opposition is an oxymoron and majority rule a threat to both continued elite dominance and to the position of ethnic, political, or religious minorities Hierarchy remains the dominant pattern in political as well as social relations The concept of power as status rather than as policymaking seems on reflection to be eminently suited to statistical societies where change is neither rapid nor a particularly sought after objective and where the capacity of the state to mobilize a particularly sought after objective and where the capacity of the state to mobilize resources for major ventures is quite modest The traditional concept of power as responsibility for setting an example of virtue and performing rituals in return for which the ruler enjoyed the “perks” associated with status, is quite unlike the modern Western notion of power as responsibility for proposing policies and making decisions In Japan, rather than beginning with a systematized ideology, Meiji leaders evolved a national ideology built around the core feudal values of family, social hierarchy, and communal harmony. At the core of Japan’s present day ideology is a self-image of the nation as a corporate entity whose members are involved domestically in maintaining economic growth, social harmony, and political stability, while internationally engaging in fierce competition with other business and dates for increased market shares, global economic penetration, international prestige, and recognition for their nation. Human history, according to the Marxist analysis is a process in which societies pass through successive stages distinguished by how they produce the material things people need to survive and prosper. Mao’s contribution to the ideology: Rural revolution Role of Communist party Thought reform Putting politics in command Ideology in Taiwan is composed of two elements that roughly correspond to the age-old split in traditional china between society-life governed by the family- and the state Chinese emigrants cause family central Japanese loyals cause state central
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