including health behaviors.Environment-The social, cultural and physicalcontext in which the life courseunfolds. The environment can bemanipulated by the individual tocreate a positive context of cuesand facilitators for health- enhancingbehaviors.Nursing-Collaborationwithindividuals,families, and communities to createthe most favorable conditions forthe expression of optimal health andhigh-level well-being.Health-The actualization ofinherent andacquired human potential throughgoal-directed behavior, competentself-care,andsatisfyingrelationships with others, whileadjustments are made as needed tomaintain structural integrity andharmonywithrelevantenvironments. Health is an evolvinglife experience.Illnesses are discrete events throughout thelife span of either short (acute) or long(chronic) duration that can hinder orfacilitate one’s continuing quest for healthKRISTEN SWANSONCARING THEORY-nursing degree from the Universityof Rhode Island in 1975 -master's degree in nursing in 1978from the University of Pennsylvania.-She went on to get a doctoratedegree from the University ofColorado with an emphasis inPsychosocial Nursing.-Her books, periodical and journalarticles and lectures have beenongoing since the early 1980s.-influencedbywomenwhoexperienced miscarriage, caregiversof infants in the NICU, interviewsocially at-risk mothers
SWANSON’S THEORY OF CARINGPropositions-Categories of caring are not mutuallyexclusive (Swanson, 1991). Ex.Being with and doing for can occursimultaneously when the nursetakes time to brush the patients hairwhile they talk.Five Caring Processes1.Knowing.-the anchor that moors the beliefs ofnurse/nursing to the lived reality ofthe patient-Avoiding assumptions, focusing onpersoncaredfor,assessingthoroughly, seeking clues, engaging2.Being With-how the nurseconveys caring-Being present, conveying ability,sharing feelings, not-burdening3.Doing For-visible ways in which the nurseenacts caring-Comforting, anticipating, performingskilfully,protecting,preservingdignity4.Enabling-visible ways in which the nurseenacts caring-Informing, explaining, supporting,allowing, focusing, generatingalternatives, validating feedback5.Maintaining Belief-believing in, holding in esteem,maintaining hope- filled attitude,offering realistic optimism, going thedistanceBased from what you have learned in our TFNclass, give 3 topics that struck you the most,and the reasons why you chose the topics.Thank you. WEEK 10Level 1: Human biology, hereditary factors,age, sex, person’s individual characteristics.
1.Human biology-Includes those aspects of health(both mental and physical) which aredetermined by the organic structureand physiological functioning of thehuman body.2.Hereditary Factors-Inheritance - determining lifespan,health and the likelihood ofdeveloping certain illnesses.