• Intrinsic : any pathological, or disease-causing, change that has occurred from inside the body e.g. inherited conditions, metabolic, endocrine or hormone disorders • Extrinsic: cause of disease came from outside of the body e.g. bacteria, viruses, animal bites, stings, chemicals, radiation • Idiopathic: unknown cause 18
CONFIDENTIAL ©2017 Chamberlain University LLC. All rights reserved. Describe the Pathophysiology of the Disease • Much detail should be provided • Go beyond just providing the definition of the disease • Begin with describing what is happening at the cellular level; then describe what is happening at the tissue and systemic levels. • The idea is to demonstrate your depth of understanding of disease. Start with your McCance textbook. 19
CONFIDENTIAL ©2017 Chamberlain University LLC. All rights reserved. Hallmark signs identified from the physical exam and symptoms • First, read the case and identify the hallmark signs and symptoms that substantiate the given diagnosis provided. • Then, review your textbook and include other hallmark signs and symptoms that might not have been included in the case. • The idea is to capture all of the signs and symptoms for the given disease. 20
CONFIDENTIAL ©2017 Chamberlain University LLC. All rights reserved. Describe the Pathophysiology of Complications of the Disease • This step requires an understanding of the disease and good critical thinking. • You are going a step further to consider the complications that can occur because the person has the disease • For example, if a patient has uncontrolled type 2 diabetes and is presenting with polyuria as one of the classic signs and symptoms, a complication may be dehydration. Now that this complication has been identified, then describe the pathophysiology of dehydration. How does dehydration occur and what is going on at the cellular and tissue levels? 21
CONFIDENTIAL ©2017 Chamberlain University LLC. All rights reserved. Describe Teaching Related to Diagnosis • What would you teach the patient regarding the disease? • Go into detail in regards to patient education 22
CONFIDENTIAL ©2017 Chamberlain University LLC. All rights reserved. Discussion Grading Rubric Categories Points % Description Interactive Dialogue Replies to each graded discussion topic posted by the course instructor, by Wednesday, 11:59 p.m. MT of each week and posts a minimum of three times in each graded discussion on separate days. 15 15% Exceptional- Replies to each graded discussion topic posted by the course instructor, by Wednesday, 11:59 p.m. MT, of each week. A minimum of three posts in each graded discussion are made on three separate days. Replies to a post from a peer and faculty member’s question. A response to faculty could include a question posed to a specific student or the entire class. Summarizes what was learned from the lesson, readings, and other student posts for the week.
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