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3.5 The way forward 13 3.6 Closing ceremony 14 4 Recommendations of the meeting 15 Annex I : List of participants 17 Annex II : Timetable of the meeting 20 Annex III : Presentations 23 1. Libor Stloukal: The FAO perspective on rural ageing 25 2. Linley Chiwona-Karltun: Ageing and nutritional issues 29 3. John Kadzandira: Rural ageing and livelihood challenges: 35 fi ndings from FAO study conducted in rural areas of Zomba District, Malawi 4. Zifa Kazeze: Social protection and ageing in Malawi 41 5. Harry Mwamlima: Social cash transfers in Malawi: 59 from pilot to scaling 6. Libor Stloukal: Wher e do we stand in international 63 action on ageing?
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POPULATION AGEING IN MALAWI:UNDERSTANDING CHALLENGES, RESPONDING TO OPPORTUNITIES IV ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ADMARC Agricultural Development and Marketing Corporation AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Virus ASSOM Aged Support Society of Malawi AU African Union AU SARO African Union Southern Africa Regional Office AWEDA Aged Welfare and Development Association BSF Bingu Silvergrey Foundation for the Elderly CBO Community Based Organization DAES Department of Agricultural Extension Services CSO Civil Society Organization ECOST Elderly Community Support Trust FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FBO Faith Based Organization GDP Gross Domestic Product HIV Human Immunodefi ciency Virus HOFE Hope for the Elderly MBC Malawi Broadcasting Corporation MGDS Malawi Growth and Development Strategy MIPAA Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing NAC National AIDS Commission NGO Non-governmental Organization SADC South African Development Community UN United Nations
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1 1. BACKGROUND Population ageing – the increase in the proportion of older people in a population – is fast becoming one of the main demographic processes shaping the world today. Population ageing is a major achievement of modern society: we can all expect to live longer than our ancestors. However, population ageing also poses major challenges for society as a whole. In Malawi, where the process of population ageing is in its infancy, older people are increasingly recognized as a group particularly vulnerable to poverty, food insecurity, social exclusion, and generally poor living conditions. The majority of the elderly population in Malawi are perceived as being vulnerable because they are often not able to change their situation should unexpected shocks occur. Furthermore, the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS among the reproductive age groups in the country exacerbates the burden borne by older persons as this not only deprives them of support from the younger generation, but it also increases their responsibilities as care givers and economic producers. These factors cause immense hardship and suffering for the elderly, notwithstanding their resilient character.
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