5 Avoid exposing abraded skin to the sun as permanent hyperpigmentation can

5 avoid exposing abraded skin to the sun as permanent

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5. Avoid exposing abraded skin to the sun as permanent hyperpigmentation can develop. Figure 1: An abrasion
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2 Wounds: Causes and Types Incisions Refers to a clean cut in the skin caused by a sharp object. Accidentally cutting yourself with a kitchen knife, scissors or a piece of broken glass are everyday examples of incision wounds (Figure 2). A surgical incision is another common example. Incision wounds typically heal more quickly than other types of wounds because of the smooth skin edges. Treatment 1. Respond quickly to the wound, but put on rubber gloves to prevent cross-contamination. 2. Stop the bleeding by covering the wound with sterile gauze, then apply gentle pressure with your palm. 3. Add a second layer of gauze if the first one soaks through. 4. If the wound is on an arm or leg, elevate it above the heart to allow gravity to slow the blood flow. 5. Alternately, apply pressure to the major artery (upper arm: brachial; leg: femoral) supplying blood to the wound to slow the bleeding. 6. Clean and remove debris if applicable. 7. Cover the wound with sterile gauze or an adhesive bandage. 8. Change the dressing every day. 9. Monitor the wound for signs of infection (tenderness, pus, red streaks). Figure 2: Incision Lacerations Refers to an injury caused by tissue tearing and with jagged, irregular edges (Figure 3). Your skin is both tough and flexible, so it takes a lot of force to cause a laceration. Because of the high force involved, other deeper tissues -- such as bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels, nerves and even internal organs -- are frequently also damaged.
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  • Fall '18
  • Afrifa
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