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Once we start building this way, you can clearly what is structural and what is not structural whereas by looking at a building that constructed by subtracting, we will never be able to differentiate structural and non-structural Free standing columns of Soufflot’s building became symbols of this new way of thinkingThe building was praised for its abundant use of freestanding columns, the legibility, transparency, clarity of its structure and was seen as the perfect example of enlightenmentthinkingThis is very similar to the type of analytic thinking in architectural educationIdea that everything could be taken down to its components and analyzed and put back together again. A similar type of thinking is taking place in Soufflot’s building The building can be broken down to its components and that every part made sense as part of the larger scheme and furthermoreYou can accurately point to this part as being structural and therefore necessary and another part as non-structural and therefore not necessaryThe clarity and legibility of structure was starting to be endowed with moral valuesClarity and legibility are presented as virtues and mixing up the categories of what is structural and what isn’t structural, what is necessary and what is unnecessary, was being presented as a sinIf you look at details of Soufflot’s building, the idea of legibility and clarity was misleading
Much was made of freestanding columns, but the columns were made possible by a system of iron supports and a system of invisible arches, vaults and flying buttresses hidden behind the freestanding columns and the surfaces that we can actually seeA great deal effort was put in to make the building look simpleThe freestanding columns, the clarity of the structure, the separation between what is structural and non-structural came to be celebrated as virtues and while all of this was happening, there was a new technology that emerged from the 19thcentury that made structural paradigm possibleInvention of new materials (iron, steel, reinforced concrete, large quantities of glass)Invention of new typologies (exhibitions halls, train stations between the first industrial revolution and second industrial revolution)Rate of invention and innovation increased, This triggered larger changes in structure of societyConstruction of the Crystal Palace by Joseph PaxtonExhibition hall constructed for the international exhibition in 1851First truly modern buildingIf they were to building a structure of the same scale, but out of bricks, it would take longer and require more labourPlan consists of two volumes intersectingIt was a composite of cast, iron, wood and glassIt’s structure was an orthogonal frame with occasional bracingArgued to be the first examples of “systems approached construction”It was a open modular system It could be expanded vertically and horizontally after its construction