• Trio of philosophers: – Socrates – Plato – Aristotle
Socrates • Teacher without a school. • Roamed about Athens engaging people in provocative dialogue about questions of ultimate significance. • Goal was to help others find the truths that lie within themselves. • Today we call his approach the Socratic method . By repeatedly questioning, disproving, and testing thoughts, students reach deeper, clearer ideas. • Often challenged popular beliefs and conventional ideas and put to death for his “impiety.”
Plato • Plato’s writings were known for depth, beauty, clarity. His most famous works were dialogues, conversations between two or more people, that present and critique various philosophical viewpoints. • Founded The Academy in Athens which was considered the first university. • Held that a realm of eternally existing ‘ideas’ or ‘forms’ underlies the physical world. Believed that the human soul has three parts: intellect, spirit, and appetite and these determined human behavior.
Aristotle • Tutored Alexander the Great. • Set up the Lyceum, adjacent to Plato’s Academy. • Wrote influential works on biology, physics, astronomy, mathematics, psychology, and literary criticism. • Believed that the highest good for people is a virtuous life and promoted the doctrine of the Golden Mean, or the notion that virtue lies in a middle ground between two extremes (i.e. courage is bordered on the one side by cowardice and on the other side by foolhardiness).
Chapter 2 – Different Ways of Learning • We all learning differently. • The key for teachers is to find out how their students learn and then to teach in a manner so that all their students can learn. • This will require teachers use a number of different teaching methodologies throughout the day, everyday. • ? q=how+the+brain+learns+for+teachers+and+video&&view=detail&mid=E85279D6FCD16EFDB211E85279D6FCD16EFDB2 11&rvsmid=294D32787BFF52BE0FB0294D32787BFF52BE0FB0&fsscr=-3795&FORM=VDFSRV (7 minutes) How the brain works for teachers.
Three Factors that Contribute to Learning Style: 1. Cognitive (information processing ) – We all have different ways of perceiving, organizing, and retaining information. – Visual -Kinesthetic -Read/Write – Auditory -Global-Narrow focus 2. Affective (attitudes ) – We all have a different level of motivation and intensity which will include our attitudes, values, frustrations, and the willingness to take risks. – Locus of Control – learners attribute success or failure to internal or external factors; internal allows learners to be in control of their destiny. 3. Physiology – We all have different make ups that can either help or hurt us: ability or inability to sit for long periods of time, night owls vs. day learners; also, light, sound, temperature affect how we learn.
Gender • Teachers constantly reference gender and lead children to believe there are differences between genders.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 191 pages?
- Summer '19