Contemporary sexuality researchers wouldnt say

This preview shows page 17 - 20 out of 98 pages.

Contemporary sexuality researcherswouldn’t say gendered sexuality is purelybiologically determined-Mediastrictly presented gender/sexuality as following one of these 2 paths-Major theoretical modelsascribe different weights to role of biological,psychological, and socio-cultural factorsEvolutionary Psychology:-Gender differences in sexuality arising from evolutionary processes aimed atmaximizing reproductive fitness-Parental investment theory= proposed by Robert Trivers, predicts that the sex makingthe larger investment in offspring will be more discriminating in matingoWomen can only produce limited # of children, so psychological mechanismsregulating women’s sexual behavior is more conservative than men
Evolutionary forces -women having lower sex drive, preferring fewersexual partners, desiring sex in context of committed relationship withpaternal investment in child rearing, preferring males with ability toprovide resourcesoMen have greater capacity to produce offspring, so psychological mechanismsregulating males sexuality less conservativeGreater interest casual sex, higher sex drive, preferring females withcharacteristics associated with fertility-Psychological/behavioral traits associated with higher rates of reproduction areretained through natural selectionoIndividuals who possess advantageous traits to successful reproductionmate/transmit these traits to the next generation more than those that do not-Transmission of psychological traits through genetic pathways-Cultural transmission through memes another route info is passed to othergenerations-Understanding gender through role that environment plays in shaping humanbehavior over successive generationsoTrait adaptiveness/potential to maximize reproductive fitness judged inrelation to environment within which it manifestsoJudge adaptiveness of gendered sexual psychologies (sex drive) only inenvironments they manifestSocial Learning Theory-Gender differences in sexuality result of observational learning-Environment includes info about sexuality through mediaoInfluence how we understand/display sexuality-Experimental studies that indirectly address effects of observational learningoWard (2002)Examined women’s/men’s endorsement off sexual stereotypes afterviewing sexualized/nonsexual scenes from TV showsSexualized scenesportrayed gender stereotypesoMen are sex drivenoWomen are sexual objectsoDating is a gameWomen who viewed sexualized clips reported strongerendorsement of sexual stereotypes than women who viewednonsexual clipsMore TV they watches, the greater the endorsement ofstereotypesViewing clips did not affect men in same wayoStereotype endorsement equally high in both groupsGender difference may provide evidence for female sexualfluidity hypothesis
oFemale sexuality more malleable than male sexuality inresponse to culturally influencesSocial Structural Theory:-

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 98 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
CarolineF.Pukall
Tags
Human Sexuality, The Bible, The Trial, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture