Since the German people are desperate they believe him Fascist The Beginning of

Since the german people are desperate they believe

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Since the German people are desperate, they believe him Fascist The Beginning of War and US Neutrality Rome-Berlin Axis Pact between Italy & Germany (will evolve into axis powers w/ Japan) 1934: Debt-Default Act Created by Congress We won’t make loans to anyone who defaulted on their WWI loans/debts Everybody defaulted… Makes it clear that US wants to stay out of European affairs We are returning to isolationism Don’t want a repeat of what happened in WWI 1935: Italy invades Ethiopia League of nations could have stopped it with gas embargo on Italy They threaten to sanction Italy, Italy drops out, L of N drops the issue L of N fails…again 35, 36, 37: Neutrality Acts States that when a president proclaims/acknowledges a foreign war we: Can’t sell them munitions Can’t travel on belligerent ships Abandons idea of freedom of the seas (temporarily) Can’t make loans to warring countries Indirectly help the dictators Only the US has the manufacturing power to stop them but we don’t 1936-1939: Civil War in Spain Loyalists VS Fascists Fascists have help from Germany and Italy Loyalists have help from USSR. Beg us to help but we refuse Volunteer army from US goes to help, but it is very small Fascists win Stuff Happens with US FDR’s Efforts: FDR knows we will have to get involved or we will be next. Wants to ease public into the war Gives a series of speeches condemning Italy, Germany, and Japan Avoids saying anything about intervention to not make people mad 1937: Quarantine Speech: says that it is the obligation of good nations to quarantine aggressive nations People freak out so he immediately backs off Must go very slowly cuz Americans are so hyped about not intervening Eventually US gets irritated with Japan so we put embargo on oil and steel Cuz Japan is super aggressive in the Pacific
Panay Incident American ship sunk by Japanese in Chinese Sea We ask for an apology, Japan gives it, the end Shows change in US attitude toward foreign policy – look at the Lusitania or the Barbary Pirates! Hitler Does Stuff while England & France practice appeasement Puts troops in the Rhineland (a demilitarized zone) Violates Treaty of Versailles England and France ignore him Threatens Austria – “vote to be annexed or I will annihilate you” They vote to be annexed 1938-1939: Munich Conference France, Britain, Germany meet. Allies tell Hitler to stop taking over Europe or they’ll go to war Wants Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia Excuse is that he wants to create a German speaking nation Promises that after Sudetenland he’ll be done Other countries agree Neville Chamberlain (English) goes home & gives press conference about having gotten peace to last the lifetime Fail August 1939: Nazi-Soviet Pact/Non-Aggression Act A secret agreement between Hitler & Stalin They hate each other but they’re buying time Hitler doesn’t want a two-front war

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