It also exemplifies alternative means of earning bread that help the tribe to

It also exemplifies alternative means of earning

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to touch the flour ground by higher castes. It also exemplifies alternative means of earning bread that help the tribe to escape the clutches of the money-lenders and the police.
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75 5. Manikdada (Elder Brother) Manikdada, Laxman s elder brother, is a thief. He is actively engaged in thieving profession. He goes on thieving trips to the fairs at various places. He receives the training from Santaram and Sakharam. He becomes expert in the arts and skills of thieving profession. Later on, Manikdada works as a sweeper in the spinning mill at Latur. 6. Harchanda Harchanda, Laxman s immediate elder brother, is also very good at thieving. He is subject to epileptic fits and has attacks particularly on the full moon days. Whenever he goes near water or fire he gets an attack of epileptic fits. Sticky saliva dribbles from his mouth just as it dribbles from the mouth of a mad dog. On such days, he growls and moves restlessly about the hut in a doglike manner. Because of the haunting fear of beatings and frequent attacks of epileptic fits, he could not carry on thieving. He begs Jogva in the neighbouring villages for his living. 7. Kulkarni Guruji Kulkarni Guruji is the bamman (Brahmin) teacher. Guruji convinces the higher caste people that it is not Laxman s presence in school, which caused loose motions in their children. He explains to them that their children are in need of medical aid because they are suffering from cholera. 8. Shobha Jagtap Shobha Jagtap, an engineer s daughter, is a beautiful girl from a rich family who had fallen in love with Laxman. She is bolder than Laxman in speaking. Later on, she marries to a teacher and dies in her first pregnancy two years later. 9. Chhabu Chhabu, Laxman s wife, hails from a rural background (Kavatha village). She is not familiar to the ways of the city-life. She is illiterate. Her mother tongue is Telugu; she is not used to speaking in Marathi.
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76 This study of characters reveals the social setting in which they live. Several aspects of the Uchalya community emphasize the social behaviour of the characters. The next autobiography is ‘The Outcaste’ by Sharankumar Limbale. 3.3 The Outcaste Sharankumar Limbale is a well known Dalit writer, editor, critic and author. He is one of the most renowned Dalit voices in India. He is an eminent writer and his writings mostly rest on the Dalit struggle for equality. He is particularly known for his autobiography entitled as Akkarmashi, a masterpiece in Dalit Literature. It is originally written in Marathi language and later on translated into Hindi, Tamil, Kannada, Punjabi, Guajarati and Malayalam languages. It is widely acknowledged all over the world especially after the translation into English as The Outcaste by Santhosh Bhoomkar. Akkarmashi is a Marathi word, which means one who is an outcaste or illegitimate. This is a story of a person who has no identity, no home and that is wanted nowhere.
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