[Tips]: You will need to provide the☞differences between Textual (Kyo) School and Meditation (Son) School in connection with political situations through all periods, such as Three Kingdom, late Silla, early Koryo, and late Koryo (Military rule). What schools (sects) rose to power and fell into decline according to political circumstances, and why? Etc.Textual (Kyo) School was the The Sŏn, or contemplative School, stood in contrast to the Kyo, or Textual School. Sŏn taught that faith need not be grounded in the written word and emphasized the human mind by sŏn, or meditation. This method would bring about “sudden enlightenment,” the direct, intuitive comprehension of the Buddha nature inherent in the mind of every being. Sŏn is thought to have entered Korea in the seventh century during Queen Sŏndŏk’s reign (632-647), but it was only vaguely understood at the time.” (p. 64-65)(6) Discuss King Kongmin's reform and its obstacles. [Tips]: What were the main problems☞of Koryo when King Kongmin ascended the throne? What did he want to achieve through the reform? What did he actually reform? Who supported his reform, and who opposed it and why? How would you evaluate his reform? Was it merely a failure, or laid a foundation for a long-term change? etc.