Hypersomnia and narcolepsy could be misconstrued as

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Hypersomnia and narcolepsy could be misconstrued as insomnia due to the extreme tiredness, but they are very different and should be treated as such.
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‘All men, whilst they are awake, are in one common world: but each of them, when he is asleep, is in a world of his own.’ Plutarch
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39 38 Snoring Of all sleep problems, snoring may seem one of the more innocuous. However, it can cause problems for the partners of snorers whose own sleep quality may be affected. Strictly speaking, snoring is a respiratory problem heightened when a person is sleeping, not a sleep problem in itself. Snoring is very common, approximately 37% of UK adults snore 50 . It is twice as common in males as females, although post-menopausal women are more likely to snore than pre- menopausal women. Partners may find their own sleep disturbed and may need to sleep in separate rooms. There is a suggestion that after undergoing surgery to stop snoring, sleep quality of partners improves 51. The snoring sound is produced through a partial obstruction in the airway, within which the organs that help us breathe vibrate. The muscles relax at the base of the tongue and the uvula (the small fleshy piece which hangs at the back of the throat). The relaxation of muscle tone can cause the airway (composed of nose, throat, mouth and windpipe) to become partially or completely obstructed. Other possible causes that can restrict airflow can be jaw problems or nasal congestion. A person’s size and body shape can also have an impact on whether they are likely to snore. For instance, people with shorter, wider necks are more inclined to snore because the muscles around their windpipe cannot support the tissue that surrounds it when they sleep. Alcohol also increases snoring, since it relaxes the tissue at the back of the throat causing it to collapse into the airway and vibrate more easily. There are a number of treatments for snoring, most of which rely on unblocking the breathing passage, such as nasal strips and sprays. Still, if snoring becomes a problem, then it is better to seek professional medical advice first. Problems that happen whilst asleep As detailed earlier, sleeping is a complex process which involves the body going through a number of different stages. During the sleep cycle we can react in several different ways, and a number of problems can occur. These problems can impact on our sleep quality. Some are very common, such as snoring. Others are much rarer but can cause great problems for the sleeper. Abnormal movements or behaviour that occur during sleep are sometimes called parasomnias. Well-known parasomnias include nightmares, teeth grinding, night terrors and sleepwalking. Often these problems can be related to the mental and physical health of the individual that suffers from them.
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