Timeline from 1820 to 2011.edited.docx

The jazz singer first feature film using sound 1927

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The Jazz Singer, First Feature Film Using Sound-1927 The Jazz Singer is an American musical film debuted in 1927, and it was the first feature film with synchronized dialogue. The Jazz Singer film marked the end of the silent film era by incorporating sound in as one of the film's feature. , and it included six songs which were sung by the various characters in the movie (Hargreaves, 2013). The Jazz singer sound film was used adapted from the short film called ‘The Day of Atonement.’ The Jazz Singer premiered in the Blue Mouse Theater at 1421 5th Avenue in Seattle, and it was the first commercially successful film feature movie with sound. The film made use of the sound effects using Vitaphone 's system which belonged to the Warner Brothers. The sound on the film, the Jazz singer , became a commercial success because the audience could better understand the depictions of various characters in the movie. First Electromechanical Programmable Computer-1941 Konrad Zuse was a Germany mechanical analyst who first designed the Z3 (Zuse) which was a Germany mechanical computer of its kind. The Z3 was the world's first automated digital and programmable computer. The computer was built with 2,600 relays, and it was implemented using a 22-bit word length ( Arini, Bianchi & Valentinuzzi, 2014). The electromechanical programmable computer's program code was kept on a punched film. The values on the punched films were entered manually. The complete Z3 was unveiled in Berlin however it was never entirely put into operation since it was considered as not being vital at all. The German
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DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN MEDIA 6 government denied Zuse funding which he wanted to use to convert the relays into electronic ones. During the Allied Bombardment of Berlin, the original Z3 was destroyed, and a replica of the original was built in the 1960's by Zuse firm. First Stored-Program Computer- 1949 A stored-program computer is one which uses the electronic memory as a storage tank for the program instructions. Unlike the stored program computers, ordinary machines store their program instructions on plugboards. The idea of stored computer programs can be traced back in 1936 during the theoretical concept of the Universal Turing Machine. The first stored-program computer was developed in April 1949 ( Graber & Dunaway, 2017). The EDSAC stored-program computer at Cambridge (UK) was the most successful launched computer to do an excellent job in 1949. Before that in 1948, the first stored-program computer was unveiled at Manchester, but this was not the most successful one. The EDSAC was the most second successful stored program computer to be established. However, in the U.S, the first successful stored-program computer was called the BINAC, and it ran computer test programs throughout 1949.the computer was delivered in September 1949, but it was not entirely a success. CSIR Mark1/CSIRAC was the first test-driven stored-program computer in Australia; however, it was not successful either.
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