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Patient and Family OutcomesNurses got a potential effect on EOL decision making. Their role, as well as strategies, affects the ability of the family to accept their loved one is actually dying and helps a lot in the decision making process. Communication and support from nurses help the patient remain in control, hence increase the chances of a good death. They help the family accept that the patient will die and get them ready to accept the outcome. The family gets to understand the patient’s condition and evaluate options available; since they got the right information. End-of-Life Healthcare PoliciesThere are legislation guidelines that govern refusal or discontinuation of medical treatment for end-of-life decision making. Such common law rights are established and well known for years. The law of informed consent is one of the guiding policies. The physician has alegal obligation in coming up with disclosures for medical, risks, alternatives or benefits that
END-OF-LIFE DECISIONS 5have been recognized for diagnostic purpose and other therapeutic procedures. Informed decisionas well as consent from the patients are to be considered for such procedures. Consent can either be informed, voluntary or even competent. Legislators have no clear cut line on nature as well as the extent of information needed to be disclosed to a patient. Voluntary and competent consent is more consistent with EOL decision making. There have been cases for such constitutional base for refusing medical treatment. A good example involves Jehovah’s Witnesses refusal to blood transfusion[ CITATION Lun15 \l 1033 ]. One, advance directives are just documents but not laws or policies. A proper decision will involve consideration of the Patient Self-determination Act. It is a federal law that purpose to ensure patients’ rights of self-determination are communicated as well as protected. By the guide of advance directives, the living adult patient has the right to accept and reject certain treatment while still competent. In case the adult is incompetent the physician will just continue controlling decisions that affect their healthcare. Second, Death with Dignity law. This law addresses patients who are mentally competent and are state residents with terminal illness whose prognosis is less than six months. Such patients can voluntarily request as well as receive prescription medicine to fasten their inevitable and upcoming death. This laws enhance patients