For personal individual development of rationality

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For personal individual development of rationality and conscience from pre-conventional through conventional to post-conventional stage - the highest level of thinking for oneself see Wambari (1992, pp. V--vii) The difference between one individual and the next has to do with one's own initiative in thought and action. Critical and creative thinking is a tool of liberation from cultural and traditional enslavement and can be quite effective in facilitating personal initiative as agents of change with unique identity. For self-examination and self-knowledge see Wambari (1992, pp. vii-x) NOTE: Preconventional and conventional stages in individual personal development manifest heteronomy while post-conventional stage is a manifestation of autonomy in rational and moral life. QUESTION: Why is personal identity a problem? ACTIVITY: Explain how you have become you by being influenced by: 1) Heredity 2) Social environment and 3) Your own initiative 1.9 MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES Howard Gardiner (1999, pp. 42-43) has developed a theory of multiple intelligence's to describe human mental faculties. He has identified seven different intelligence's as follows: - 1. Logical-mathematical intelligence involves the capacity to analyze problems logically, carryout operations- mathematical or of other types and investigate issues systematically. 2. Verbal-Linguistic intelligence involves sensitivity to spoken and written language, the ability to learn languages and the capacity to use language effectively to do what we want done. Teachers, lawyers, preachers and writers normally exhibit superior linguistic intelligence. 3. Intrapersonal intelligence involves the capacity to understand oneself, one's own desires, fears abilities etc. and to use such self-knowledge effectively to guide one's own life. 4. Interpersonal intelligence refers to a person's capacity to understand other people - their intentions, motivations and desires and as a result to work effectively with them. Sales people, teachers, doctors and leaders in general need sensitive interpersonal intelligence.
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5. Music/rhythm intelligence involves appreciation of musical patterns, composition and performance. It is a source of artistic enrichment of life. 6. Visual/spatial intelligence involves capacity in visualization and imaging in three dimensions. People in art and design are especially good at spatial intelligence. 7. Body/movement intelligence involves the capacity to use one's whole body or parts of it (e.g. hands or mouth) to solve problems or make products. Each one of us needs to identify in which of the seven intelligence's we have strong capacity and cultivate them for ones own development. NOTE: Critical and creative thinking runs through all seven intelligence's. They help us make better judgements using relevant criteria, and improve ourselves by breaking away from familiar patterns and making way for new approaches of doing things as intelligent people. QUESTIONS: 1) What are the seven intelligence's we have? 2) Are they fixed for life?                                                    
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