3 skinner suggests that a tact may come under

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3.Skinner suggests that a tact may come under conditional stimulus control.Whydoes this occur?Describe some additional sources of stimulus control for the tact.(p. 89)
4.What is an extended tact? Define and give examples of (a) generic extension, (b)metaphorical extension, (c) metonymical extension, (d) solecistic extension. (p.91).How are these related to stimulus generalization?
a) A generic extension occurs when a property responsible for the extension of theresponse from one instance to another becomes the property that determines thereinforcing practice of that community. Ex. When a speaker tacts a Lays chip as a “chip”just as they label a Doritos chip as a “chip”.b) A metaphorical extension is a form of verbal behavior where the response has beenpreviously acquired with a novel stimulus and has some, but not all, of the correspondingfeatures of the stimulus that had previously controlled the response. Ex. An examplegiven by FoxyLearning in relevance to metaphorical extensions is when a child labelsmany different dogs as a “dog” and then sees a fox and tacts “dog”. In a real-worldexample, this could mean tacting several different cars as “car” and then seeing anairplane and tacting it “car” due to the similarity between a car and plane. They both havewheels and windows and can move around but are not quite the same thing.c) Metonymical extensions occur when the response has already been acquired in one ormore of the verbal relationships, the stimulus is novel, and the stimulus has none of therelevant stimulus feature of the class of stimuli which previously controlled the response.Ex. When seeing a card with a red ace of spades on it, people will sometimes say“purple”. This is because the extent to which some people see blackness on the card thatmake the red look purple, making this a metonymical extension.d) Solecistic extensions occur when the property which gains control of the response isonly slightly related to the defining property under which reinforcement is contingent oris similar to that property for irrelevant reasons. Ex. When you tell someone “You gofirst, and I will precede you” You meant to sayproceedbut instead saidprecedebecausethe two are very distantly related to each other but one does not contact reinforcement inthis situation as it should.5.What is Chomsky’s rebuttal to chapter 5 in Skinner?6.How does MacCorquodale respond to Chomsky?
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