7. Lokottara Vritti. The language of poetry is different from that of ordinary discourse. It is characterized by Vyanjana or suggestion – a sort of immediate inference. This can be a process associated with artistic expression itself. It is extraordinary or unique. Hence ‘Lokottara’. The process of artistic creation is not a worldly process. It is not ‘Laukika’. It is ‘Alaukika’. It involves suppression. It gives the readers delight. 8. Anandavardhana’s classification of the Specimen of poetic art. According to Anandavardhana, Dhvani is the soul of poetry. He classifies the specimen of poetic art on the basis of this principle. It was he who was responsible for the reclassification of poetic expression under three heads. i. Uttama – the best specimen of poetry. It allows the suggested element to reign supreme. It is never subordinated to anything else. ii. Madhyama—It is not the specimen that is allowed to reign supreme, and it is coordinated with some other element or subordinated to it but is at the same time allowed to preserve its minimum degree of agreeableness and beauty. iii. Adhama—It refers to certain specimens of art which may be described as the result of amusing diversion. They are readily described as lifeless chitras (use of figures and word play) Ananda vardhana himself suggests that this re-classification is only a tentative device to challenge the traditional classification of literature into various genres. He indicates how unity in poetry could be preserved by fixing attention upon the central principle of Vyanjana. It is the leading principle of criticism and it is the source of literary charm. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS: A. Answer in two or three sentences each. 1. The synthesis between law and liberty in literature. 2.What is genuine poetry? 3.What is Dhvani? 4.What is Vakkrokti? 5.What, according to Anandavardhana and Abhinavagupta, the source of poetic charm? 6.What is uttama kavya?
Page 20 1. The synthesis between law and liberty in poetry 2. Vyanjana 3. Sabda and Artha 4. Form and content in literature 5. Vyanjana is ‘Lokottara, not Laukika’ explain 6. Anandavardhana’s reclassification of poetic art. C.Write an essay of 300 words:
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