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never without cash (OR = 3.33, 95% CI 1.17-9.49). Similar results were observed among females, who sometimes had no cash (OR = 1.86, 95% CI 1.22-2.82), and among adults aged ≥25 years" (Shisana, Rice, Zungu & Zuma, 2010).Focus: Head of house by focusing on : level of education, source of household income, martial status, and access to sufficient clean water, food and fuel for cooking and heating the home. 6,338 men and 10,057 women were interviewed.Credibility and validity: The writers of this article got ethical plans approved by the ethics committee of the HSRC. The writers also used statistical evidence to prove their point. In conclusion, the "study confirms that sex and gender play a significant role in determining vulnerability to HIV infection in South Africa. Our findings confirm that age and gender are related to HIV infection in South Africa, and poverty is a social determinant for HIV infection across all age groups" (Shisana, Rice, Zungu & Zuma, 2010) .Works CitedShisana, O., Rice, K., Zungu, N., & Zuma, K. (2010). Gender and poverty in South Africa in the era of HIV/AIDS: A quantitative study. Journal ofWomen’s Health (15409996), 19(1), 39–46.less5
Unread5Replies10ViewsView profile card for Elizabeth GravesLast post April 22 at 9:21 PM by Elizabeth GravesDiscussion Question 2Contains unread postsElizabeth Graves posted Apr 18, 2018 6:28 PM SubscribeFor this week’s discussion, I chose to review the article, “End-of-Life decision making in older Korean adults: Concerns, preferences, and expectations” (Ko et al, 2013). The research problem is exploring the preferences and concerns of Korean older adults in terms of end-of-life care and the role the physician plays in that process. The purpose is “to assist health care professionals, in particular, physicians, to better understand how to interact with Korean older adults” (Ko et al, 2013). The objectives of this study are to assist health care professionals in learning more about what older Korean adults expect out of their end-of-life care and decision making (Ko et al, 2013). The hypothesis is Korean older adults were not aware of their prognosis or that their diagnosis was terminal. The credibility and validity of the study of this study did raise some concerns for me. First of all the sample size was only 54 participants which were all residing in welfare centers in one district. According to the researchers, this particular district contained 1 welfare center per 100,000 residents. Tomethe sample size seems far too small to consider this an overarching opinion. Also, the residents all resided in welfare centers and 58.1% of the respondents reported income of less than $7,500 per year. There does not seem to be much socioeconomic diversity in this study sample.I think that the authors picked a very noble area of care to evaluate, however, I believe due diligence in socioeconomic diversity will help make their study much more credible and reliable.