Freedman and patrons plautusthe playwright of

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Freedman and Patrons— Plautus—the playwright of Pseudolus with the cunning slave and the pimp Ballio and Claudius’ lover Phonecium Roman Comedy— Bulla— protective amulet given to freeborn children Paedagogue —slave that guided children to school and supervised Guardianship or tutela —children must have guardianship till puberty. Men do not need it. Women have it forever unless vestal virgin and other conditions are met. Tutela is for legal transactions Manus —a type of marriage where the husband gains complete control over wife’s property Education Magister —elementary education (boys and girls) Grammaticus —secondary education Rhetor —public speaking, rhetoric, etc. Highest education for boys Conditions of legal marriage Consent from patria potestas Consent on both parties Conubium— legal right to contract a marriage Dowry—formed the daughter’s financial share of the marriage. Husband has rights to it unless divorced then it is given back to the wife’s family. Marriage with manus Confarreatio— religious ceremony
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Coemptio— dowry formally given to husband with witnesses Usus— if they lived under the same roof for a whole year, they are married, unless wife lives 3 consecutive days away Marriage without manus —the bride keeps the rights of the dowry in her birth family Tuas res tibi habeto— Roman saying for divorce Take your stuff and go Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus—he tried to distribute the land equally among the public but failed due to assassination. Gaius Sempronius Gracchus—younger brother of Tiberius that Roman citizens wheat and land distribution Reforms of the Gracchus—Agrarian Land Reform, assassinations into Roman Politics, break down of customs Senatus Consultum Ultimum— Roman Senate has complete control over money and foreign affairs Optimates— believed in control by Senate Populares— believed in control by popular support Novus homo —first member of family to hold political office Gaius Marius—he obtained novus homo and fixes the war with Jugurtha and wins through the Army reform. (Marian Legion) Lucius Cornelius Sulla—took over the republican politics and declares himself dictator with no set term. He limited power of tribune and gave to Senate. Social War—Italians rebelled because they did not have full rights. Sulla and Marius leads army to defeat rebels and all Italian allies is granted full rights. Proscription—under Sulla, it is a list of enemies of the state to be killed and their sons will lose citizenship and property Gaius Valerius Catullus—elite Roman that wrote poetry of chasing after women ( Lesbia) and men (Jeventius) Titus Lucretius Carus—Epicurean poet Marcus Caelius Rufus—known for public violence in trials Gallic Wars—Caesar’s desire for continual governorship so he can’t be trialed Possible Essay Topics
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Tradition/Structure/ Mos Maiorum vs. New/Adaptation/Evolution Choose 3 to talk about Topic Traditional New Roman family Patria potestas
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