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Other tools such as automated medication dispensing (ADC) systems were found to mitigate medication errors up to 90% in critical care medical units while retained surgicalitem detectors were found to improve the levels of compliance to preventive medical services and the mitigation of the rates of asthma attacks among patients with pulmonary and respiratory chronic lung diseases.
REFLECTIVE JOURNAL15Lupton (2017) posits that patient portals were further found to advance the levels of patient medication adherence, to improve their awareness regarding individual underlying chronic conditions, to increase the levels of disease self-management and to increase overall patient satisfaction. Other HIT tools such as virtual visits and telemonitoring using telemedicine were found by Lupton (2017) to be as proficient as face-to-face interactions and care in reference to specific clinical outcomes while patientswith underlying ailments such as hypertension were found to have advanced clinical outcomes. The overall use of electronic medical records (EMR) led to improved adherence to protocols, mitigation of medical errors, and mitigation of adverse drug events and significant drop of related patient mortality. Diverse studies by Meskó, Drobni, Bényei, Gergely & Győrffy (2017) and Ruiz Morilla, Sans, Casasa & Giménez (2017) posit that HIT modalities such as electronic health records (EHR) are essential in the patient history recording, application of decisionsupport for patient medicines management and for easy retrieval of patient data. Additional HIT tools such as web based monitoring systems have been found to elevate the likelihood of medication adherence and patient tailored education regarding patient’s specific underlying medical conditions and their respective medications. Ruiz Morilla, Sans, Casasa & Giménez (2017) found that short messaging services (SMS) was effectivewhen utilized as a communication platform to enhance standardized or tailored medicine through scheduled reminders hence improving medication adherence. Further studies by Silva, Rodrigues, de la Torre Díez, López-Coronado & Saleem (2015) found out that mobile health applications were significantly essential in coordinating personalized reminders, organization of medical prescriptions, management of patient based
REFLECTIVE JOURNAL16polypharmacy, infusion of adherence to proper medication taking as part of the management plan to mitigate chronic infections and diseases and timely data exchange onmedications coupled with proper medication refill orders. Silva et al. (2015) further foundout that HIT wearable devices such as app-linked tools infused with sensors proved useful when worn by asthmatic patients to warn them of impeding attacks hence leading to proper management of medicines. For patients with diabetes, contact lenses and other biosensors such as wearable patches were found by Wernhart, Gahbauer & Haluza (2019)to be proficient in measuring blood glucose for efficient management of insulin.