Concerned with the self 2 sung primarily in first

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Concerned with the self2)Sung primarily in first person (vs corridos in third person)3)Express feelings and emotions4)Lyrics are realistic (may involve exaggeration but this is seen as amplification of truths)5)Deal with full range of human feelings, describing ups and downs of daily lifeEx: Why don’t you com home ----- Furry LewisRole of instruments1)Do not function simply as harmonic and rhythmic background2)Instrumental parts seen as “second voice”3)Punctuates and responds to the vocal line = dialogue between vocal and instrumental parts Ex: Why don’t you come home Ex: lost your head bluesThe blues note1)A note that falls somewhere between two adjacent notes2)Usually applied to 3rdor 7thscale degree3)Also called “bent note”“Bending the note” guitararrow shows bent note in stuffBlues form1)Usually in 12 bars: 3 segments, 4 bars each2)Most of the time, lyrics follow a three part poetic stanza AAB pattern 3)Call and response in each segmentTypes of Blues1.Classic blues1)Disseminated through Race Records2)Female singers3)Piano accompaniment (by someone other than the singer)4)Or jazz combo: clarinet, cornet, trombone, banjoEx: Bessie Smith “Lost your head blues”Ex: empty bed blues2.Rural Blues1)Also known as Delta Blues, Folk Blues, Country Blues2)Although this type of blues had existed for decades before classic blues songs were recorded, rural musicians were not recorded until mid 1920s3)Male singer4)Music of impoverished Black work force of the Mississippi Delta5)Acoustic guitar (played by the singer himself)6)Phrasing can be very flexible (not strictly 12 bars of 4 beats)Ex: Cross Roads blues3.Urban blues1)Electric guitars2)Use of harmonica
3)Rhythm section : Bass, piano, drums4)Less flexible, steady beat5)Emphasis on downbeat (1stbeat)Ex: Hoochie Coochie MenRapDefinitionIs a black urban form where lyrics are rhymed over sounds sampled from previously recorded songsRoots 1)Concept of talking in rhythm over music can be traced to African oral traditions2)Developed as a musical genre started in the 1970sEmergence1)Bronx was one of the most economically devastated areas of New York City2)Federal budget cuts caused decline in low-income housing, shrinking job market, diminished social services3)Restructuring of the city: massive relocation of the economically fragile population to places like the Bronx4)By 1977, south Bronx was perceived as “a symbol of America’s woes”5)Hip hop functioning as a source of alternative identity formation and social statusA.“crews” or “posses” associated with specific neighborhoodsB.expression of local identityHip hop cultureIt’s characterized by distinct elements:A.Aerosol art/graffiti (visual)B.Break dancing (movement)C.Rapping (music/verbal arts)D.Turntablism (music/technology)People of hip hop1)DJ Kool HercA.Jamaican-born moved to NYCB.Created the blueprint for rap1.Boastful poetry and speech over music2.This became emceeing: the rhythmic spoken delivery of rhymes and wordplay, delivered over a beat or without accompanimentC.Developed “breakbeat”

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