Erikson argued that personality development occurs

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Erikson argued that personality development occurs throughout one’s life, whereasFreud thought personality was formed by age 5Erikson argued that from childhood to puberty, much development is happening,while Freud thought there was littleErikson argued that challenges at each stage were social rather than sexualGenerated psychosocial conflicts rather than psychosexual conflictsHow they agreedErikson kept a stage model of development, implying that people go throughstages in a certain order and there is a specific issue that characterises eachstageEach stage represents a conflict, a developmental crisis, that needs to beresolvedMaintained notion of fixation, meaning that if the crisis was not successfully andadaptively resolved, then personality development could become arrested andthe person would continue to be preoccupied by that crisis in developmentErikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development1. Mistrust vs. trustChildren wonder if they can trust others to take care of themIs basic needs are met, people are more likely to be trusting in futurerelationships (Infancy)2. Shame and doubt vs. autonomyA good outcome is when a child feels a sense of control and mastery overthings and develops self-confidence and a sense of autonomy that lets
the child explore and learnIf parents stop children from being independent, then the child may feelshame and doubt over the goals he or she is contemplating3. Guilt vs. initiativeChildren at this stage receive their first practice in adult tasks during play -children practice skills of getting along with others by organizing games,choosing leaders, and forming goalsIf this goes well, children develop sense of initiative \If things do not go well, children may become resigned to failure or to noteven take the initiative to pursue goals4. Inferiority vs. industryStarting around age , children begin comparing themselves to otherchildren and develop a sense of competence and achievementIf they have enough successful experiences, then they believe in theirstrength and abilities and assume that can do most things they desire todoBut with enough failure experiences, children might develop a sense ofinferiority, feeling that they don’t have the talent or ability to get ahead inlife5. Role confusion vs. identityMost people experiment with identity during adolescence and experiencea period of identity confusionPerson can identify a negative identity- an identity founded onundesirable social rolesIdentity foreclosure- people embrace an identity without exploringalternativesMoratorium- taking time to explore options before making a commitmentto an identity6. Isolation vs. intimacy-Isolation is the results of a failure to find or maintain intimacyPeople in later adolescent years develop need to develop relationshipsthat are mutually satisfying and intimate7. Stagnation vs. generativity: the main question concerns whether or not the

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Personality Psychology, Psychosexual development

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