building should be able to accommodate different types of operations 2 Product

Building should be able to accommodate different

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building should be able to accommodate different types of operations. (2) Product and equipment: The type of product that is to be manufactured, determines column-spacing, type of floor, ceiling, heating and air-conditioning. A product of a temporary nature may call for a less expensive building and that would be a product of a more permanent nature. Similarly, a heavy product demands a far more different building than a product which is light in weight. (3) Expansibility: Growth and expansion are natural to any manufacturing enterprises. They are the indicators of the prosperity of a business. The following factors should be borne in mind if the future expansion of the concern is to be provided for: (i) The area of the land which is to be acquired should be large enough to provide for the future 3
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expansion needs of the firm and accommodate current needs. (ii) The design of the building should be in a rectangular shape. Rectangular shapes facilitate expansion on any side. (iii) If vertical expansion is expected, strong foundations, supporters and columns must be provided. (iv) If horizontal expansion is expected, the side walls must be made non-load-bearing to provide for easy removal. (4) Employee facilities and service area: Employee facilities must find a proper place in the building design because they profoundly affect the morale, comfort and productivity. The building plan should include facilities for lunch rooms, cafeteria, water coolers, parking area and the like. The provision of some of these facilities is a legal requirement. Others make good working conditions possible. And a good working condition is good business. Service areas, such as the tool room, the supervisor’s office, the maintenance room, receiving and dispatching stations, the stock room and facilities for scrap disposal, should also be included in the building design. [4 Marks] d) List the work related welfare facilities. 1. DRINKING WATER Safe, cool drinking water is essential for all types of work, especially in a hot environment. Without it fatigue increases rapidly and productivity falls. Adequate drinking water should be provided and maintained at convenient points, and clearly marked as “Safe drinking water”. Where possible it should be 4
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kept in suitable vessels, renewed at least daily, and all practical steps taken to preserve the water and the vessels from contamination. 2. SANITARY FACILITIES Hygienic sanitary facilities should exist in all workplaces. They are particularly important where chemicals or other dangerous substances are used. Sufficient toilet facilities, with separate facilities for men and women workers, should be installed and conveniently located. Changing rooms and cloakrooms should be provided. Washing facilities, such as washbasins with soap and towels, or showers, should be placed either within changing- rooms or close by. 3. FIRST-AID AND MEDICAL FACILITIES Facilities for rendering first-aid and medical care at the workplace in case of accidents or unforeseen sickness are directly related to the health and safety of the workers. First-aid boxes should be clearly marked and conveniently located. They should contain only first-aid requisites of a
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  • Spring '14
  • Onyancha PhD

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