Study Guide abnormal Exam 4 review

Defendants found incompetent may be given medication

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- Defendants found incompetent may be given medication to reduce symptoms and allow them to stand trial o Occasionally given against the defendant’s will o In cases of non-violent crimes, cannot be forced to take medication (Sell v. United States, 2003) What are civil commitment and criminal commitment? - Criminal commitment o Involuntary commitment to a mental health facility of a person charged with a crime Cannot confine someone indefinitely under a criminal commitment o Can happen if: Defendant is found not competent to stand trial Defendant was acquitted due to insanity o Defendant found not competent to stand trial cannot remain in a mental health facility indefinitely Law is not clear on how long is long enough Judges have discretion about commitment May last many years
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- Civil commitment o Involuntary commitment to a mental health facility of a person at significant risk of harming themselves or a specific other person - What rights do committed patients have? - Right to treatment; right to refuse treatment; right to least restrictive environment; reassessment to determine whether continued commitment is needed. What factors have been linked to increased risk for dangerousness? - Two factors increase dangerousness: o Presence of psychosis o Serious mental illness is combined with substance abuse
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