Of the first architects imhotep may have been a

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of the first architects Imhotep may have been a priest/government official The Great Pyramids Pyramids of Giza (2575-2450 BCE) Built for the most powerful pharaohs of the old kingdom: Khufu, Khafre, and Mankaura Not only a tomb, but also an archetype Shape represented the hierarchy of Egyptian society Base of pyramid covers 13 acres Egyptians developed method of surveying land to create accurate base of pyramids Burial chamber was located underground like in mastabas Almost solid stone except for an upper weight relieving chamber that acts as an arch  and allows for the creation of a large room Estimated 150,000 people working on 1 pyramid at a time Used sleds and boats to move stone, no wheels
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Egyptians 21:45 Brought people of Egypt together to accomplish a central task as well as keeping them  busy during the off seasons of farming to prevent revolution Originally built with a casing of white limestone and gold caps which have since worn off New Kingdom Began in 1300’s after military takeover Pharaoh is no longer as powerful and served more as an authority figure Structure of pyramids began to change More like normal buildings Rooms, roofs, columns, used by common people Temple housed a relic, such as a stone that spawned a god, and the temple was build  around this relic Built to mimic structure of the river with a long, central axis leading back to the relic Columns looked like reeds on the banks of the river bundled together Temples located in Luxor and Thebes which were walking distances from one another Gods were believed to live physically in statues, and these statues would be moved  from one city to another down the  Avenue of Sphinxes during regular intervals of the  year down a road lined by sphinxes that connected the two cities Statues were carried in a boat by priests, associating the priests with the river and  emphasizing their necessity in society Pylon: a massive entrance to an Egyptian temple with sloping walls and a central  entrance Served almost as billboards and contained engravings of the patron pharaoh Flanking the entrance of the pylon at the Temple of Luxor (built be Ramses II) were 2  obelisks Obelisk: a square based pillar that tapers up to a pyramidal top Many obelisks were looted by subsequent invaders such as the Romans and the French Origins of the column came from the Temple of Luxor and contained many thickly  clustered and decorative column throughout the inside of the temple Hypostyle Hall: a series of column placed together
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Greeks 21:45 The Greek World Believed that inward conditions could be expressed in outward appearances and thus 
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