How success or failure affects future behavior self

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how success or failure affects future behavior Self-efficacy results from: Past success and failures, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, emotional reactions
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So, that’s how we learn What are these social environments? What are they like? Macro-contexts Culture Gender Social structure (Socio-economic status)
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Culture What is culture? “The customs, values, attitudes, beliefs, characteristics, and behaviors shared by a group of people at a particular time in history” (Skovholt & Rivers, 2003) “The shared constraints that limit the behavior repertoire available to members of a certain sociocultural group in a way different from individuals belonging to some other group” (Poortinga, 1990) Meanings that infuse human lives Why study culture in a personality class?
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Some good science Contributions from cultural anthropology Margaret Mead (1920s) Studied adolescents in Samoa Concluded that adolescence was not stressful in Samoa as it was in the U.S. Whiting and Whiting (1970s) Studied child rearing in different cultures Found a relation between adult personality and child rearing experiences
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Some interesting science Lewin’s experiments on political culture Autocratic vs. democratic vs. laissez-faire groups Demonstrated that cultural issues can and should be studied, even in rigorously controlled laboratory research
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