What may be most provocative about Cesario and colleagues study 2010 is not

What may be most provocative about cesario and

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What may be most provocative about Cesario and colleagues’ study (2010) is not that individuals’ thoughts in a social situation were changed by environmental context, but rather, the type of affordances that appear to have caused the change—specifically, the opportunity to physically flee. Interestingly, individuals who likely did not possess a strong motivation or goal to physically flee (i.e. who had low Black-danger associations) did not exhibit any changes in their thoughts—consistent with Proffitt and colleagues’ claims that the environment is perceived in terms of affordances that are relevant to current purposes and goals. Future studies may be interested in specifically exploring the role of affordances in more ecologically valid contexts, such as during actual, intergroup contact. One possibility is that a number of seemingly innocuous environmental cues that afford behavioral fight or flight (e.g. the presence of an “Exit” sign, the amount of physical space in a room, etc.), or other response options, may play a role in prejudiced thoughts, feelings, or behaviors. An affordance-based view may also be extended to a number of other specific domains within the study of prejudice. For instance, in recent years, U.S. immigration policymakers have considered the usage of “invisible walls” along the US-Mexico border, which may “[provide] the same enforcement effects [as actual walls] but without the negative attention” (Heyman, 2008; p. 305). It is possible, however, that an invisible wall, due to its affordances (e.g. it can be physically passed through) may be received negatively by Americans who feel threatened by immigration. Indeed, Donald Trump—a businessman and politician notorious for his disparaging remarks on ethnic outgroups—in his upcoming 2016 presidential bid, recently insisted on
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EMBODIED PREJUDICE 37 building a “great, great wall” bordering the US and Mexico, even though its effectiveness in preventing illegal immigration has been proposed as questionable (Moody, 2015, July 8). However, individuals who are not currently threatened by immigration may not be affected by these affordances. References Anderson, M. L. (2003). Embodied cognition: A field guide. Artificial Intelligence, 149 (1), 91- 130. (03)00054-7
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EMBODIED PREJUDICE 38 Barsalou, L. W. (1999). Perceptual symbol systems. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences , 22 (4), 577–609; discussion 610–660. Beaulieu, C. (2004). Intercultural study of personal space: A case study. Journal of Applied Social Psychology , 34 (4), 794-805. Bellah, E. R. N., Bellah, R. N., Tipton, S. M., Sullivan, W. M., Madsen, R., Swidler, A., ... & Tipton, S. M. (2007). Habits of the heart: Individualism and commitment in American life . Univ of California Press. Bergsieker, H. B., Shelton, J. N., & Richeson, J. A. (2010). To be liked versus respected: Divergent goals in interracial interactions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 99 (2), 248–264. Bhalla, M., & Proffitt, D. R. (1999). Visual–motor recalibration in geographical slant perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance , 25 (4), 1076.
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