Diagrammatic illustration of pattern cutting process Size 10 cm x 8 cm 1 Fold

# Diagrammatic illustration of pattern cutting process

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are converted into clicking dies and the components are cut in the h/ydraulic clicking press. Diagrammatic illustration of pattern cutting process - Size 10 cm x 8 cm: 1. Fold an irregular paper of size 11 cm. X 9 cm. in the center Punch with an awl at the top corner. Open the paper and place the scale at the punched marks. Hold the scale firmly and cut with a knife. The top edge of the paper gets straightened. 2. Fold the straightened paper again and place the scale at the top straightened edge and punch a mark with the awl to the length of 10 cm at the bottom. Open the folded paper and place the scale at the punched marks. Holding the scale firmly cut the paper with the knife. The paper pattern of 11 cm x 10 cm is got. 3. Fold the paper again and place the scale at the top folded end and punch a mark with the awl to the width of 4 cm. Place the scale again at the bottom folded end and mark with the awl to the width of 4 cm. Holding the scale at the punched marks, cut the paper with the knife. The paper pattern of 10 cm x 8 cm is got. Figure: - Pattern cutting process Pattern maker:-

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In the process of pattern making, pattern maker is considered to be a very important person next to the designer. A good pattern maker must be aware of different types of finished leathers and their suitability in making different types of leather goods. He must be well versed with the techniques of fabrication and types of constructions. He must have the essential knowledge in elementary mathematics, measurements and use of geometrical instruments for drawing geometrical shapes viz. square, rectangle, circle, etc. and other odd shapes. He must be aware of different types of fittings, linings, reinforcements and other miscellaneous items, which are used in leather goods making. The pattern maker must give in each pattern the following details, which would help the cutter in the subsequent process of cutting to cut components easily and swiftly. i. Name of the product and reference number. ii. Name of the parts (front, back, gusset, pocket, flap, handle, etc.) iii. Details of the raw materials (leather, lining, foam, reinforcement, etc.) iv. Number of components to be cut. v. Centre points for perfect joining of the components. vi. Marks or slots for fixing fittings and zips. vii. Stitching width and stitches per inch or length of stitch in mm. viii. Use of good and defective leather components for visible and invisible parts of the product Zip fastening: Zip fasteners are extensively used in leather goods making because they enable quick opening and closing of the products. They are generally used in softy types of leather goods. Different types of zips in different colors are fixed according to the needs of the products and also to match the color of the products. There are 3 types of zip fastening, which are commonly used in leather goods making. They are – (i) slot seam fastening (ii) lapped seam fastening and (iii) Invisible seam fastening.
• Spring '14
• Onyancha PhD

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