Interactionist approach gender based on day to day

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-Interactionist approach: Gender identification/behavior based on day-to-day behavior that reinforces gender distinctions-Stresses fluidity and malleability-Gender system needs to be recreated every dayGender at the individual, interactional, and institutional level-Individual level; e.g. identity-Interactional level; e.g. status expectations-Institutional level; e.g. law, policy, normsCultural lag-Tendency for attitudes and values to change more slowly than the material circumstances that underlie themAsymmetry of Gender Change-The greater change in women’s lives than in men’s lives
Soci 169Midterm Study GuideSpring 2015Week 5: Sexuality & FamiliesChanging cultural scripts: reproduction – intimacy – pleasure-Sex as reproduction: patriarchal sexuality – values and behaviors developed to protect the male line of descent (e.g., sex outside of marriage is wrong for women)-Sex as intimacy: expressive sexuality – sex enhances intimacy between partners; love-Sex as pleasure: legitimate form of pleasure; recreationalKinsey report-1984 bestseller containing thousands of interviews-Findings-Homosexuality:-1/2 of men reported erotic feelings towards men-1/3 had at least one sexual experience with another man-10% of males were “more/less exclusively homosexual” for at least 3 years between 16-55-Women: women and men are more alike in the biology of their sexuality than previously thought-Marriage: ½ men and ¼ of married women had extra-marital sexSexual identity-How one thinks of oneself in terms of whom one is romantically or sexually attracted to-Practices and attitudes inform identity-May be linked to sexual orientation as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual…-Identity may be linked to a variety of practicesSocial constructionist perspective-“That we are sexual is determined by a biological imperative toward reproduction, but how we are sexual – where, when, how often, with whom, and why – has to do with cultural learning, meaning transmitted in a cultural setting”Integrative perspective-“Sexual orientation is most likely the result of a complex interaction of environmental, cognitive, and biological factors…is shaped at an early age…and evidence suggests biology, including genetic and inborn hormonal factors, play a significant role in a person’s sexuality.”History of response to homosexuality in the US-Removal of homosexual acts as illegal 1962-2003-Gay rights become a larger issue in the 90s-Military-Hate crimes-Family Law (marriage/adoption)-Late 1800s anti-homosexuality campaign-In medical literature homosexual = psychologically ill, heterosexual = normal or “healthy”-Medical model stigmatized homosexuals and served as the basis for prejudice1960s sexual revolution
Soci 169Midterm Study GuideSpring 2015-1960 the FDA approves “the Pill”-An end to the “Comstock Laws”-1965 Supreme Court rules unconstitutional to prohibit married couples from using birth controlStonewall (NYC 1969)-APA removes homosexuality from the list of mental disorders in 1973-Wisconsin 1st

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