Electoral rules indirect elections eg we elect hor

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Electoral RulesIndirect electionsE.g. We elect HOR ­ HOR make lawFixed terms in officeE.g. prez­ 4 year termsGeographically defined representationE.g. district linesDivided GovernmentSeparation of PowersJudicial, Legislative and Executive branches.BicameralismHouse of Representatives and Senate within CongressSystem of Checks and BalancesFormal BoundariesFederalismDivided power between national and state gov’tEnumerated powersPowers given to national gov’tReserved powersPowers given to state gov’t
Corrects problems from the Articles of ConfederationState’s lawswereconsidered superiorNo coordination between the statesFree­riding problemsTransaction costsSupremacy clause implementedFederal law is superior to state lawCommerce clauseFederal can regulate interstate commerce and all commerce w foreign nationsNecessary and Proper ClauseCongress can make laws concerning their enumerated powersBill of RightsJudicial ReviewThe Supreme Court can check the President and Congress and declare actsunconstitutionalEstablished in Marbury v. MadisonSeptember 13thReview from last weekConsequences of the Constitution (as written)Individual rights are protectedBias towards the status quoSufficiently flexible to meet changing needsConclusionsConstitution is a political document that reflects the realities facing its designersSlavery, representation, and the executive are the major debatesThe Constitution establishes a federal system with democratic republican principlesdocument ultimately provides strong checks against majority tyranny that sometimesmake it difficult for majorities to ruleFederalismWhat is it?A system of government in which power is divided between a central government and severalregional governmentsEducation policy and infrastructure policy are good examples of FederalismExamples of federalism almost always end in the wordpolicyFederalism Mixes:Confederal government= Authority rests fundamentally with the members of the unionUnitary government= Power is centralized in the national governmentWhy a federal system?Historical developmentA national government had to be created after the Articles of Confederation failedSomething needed to coordinate the actions of the states
Allows slavery to continueStates retain a lot of authority to create their own policyPlaces power in the hands of those best to exercise itAn idea that implementation can not happen at a national levelPolicy can only be enforced by those that can craft it for their specific areaFederalism and the ConstitutionWhere is federalism found in the Constitution?

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