While they are both research they don’t have the same results in improving organizational system processes. Action research is typically focused on the efforts to improve the quality of an organization and its performance. While action research can be used to solve problems in an organization, the main aim of action research is improving performance hence improving
PRINCIPLES OF BEST PRACTICE IN AR 4 organizational systems. Action research differs from the known traditional research in two ways. First, action research is not an add-on operation or activity, because it is embedded in an operation’s regular process, e.g. regular ongoing classwork (Cooperrider, Whitney & Stavros, 2008). Second, action research makes a complete cycle from the formulation of relevant questions to bringing change and improvement in teaching. In this regard, when it comes to organizational improvement, the research questions differ for the two types or research same to their context and data. While traditional research questions are directed towards solving a problem and making conclusions, action research questions are directed towards improving a situation and directing the improvement to the whole organization. Action Research can help in improving such organization’s processes as curriculum building, staff and faculty development, communication, future planning, decision making, and fulfilling the organization’s mission and vision. The process involved in action research can help resolve issues of professional practice as an educator. Reference Cooperrider, D.L., Whitney, D. & Stavros, J.M. (2008). Appreciative Inquiry Handbook (2nd Ed.) Brunswick, OH: Crown Custom Publishing. Journal Entry Three: Finding Out Versus Bringing About Change There are different types of research. This reflective journal entry is about the characteristics of research to find out about issues in my profession (traditional research) versus research to bring about change in my profession (action research).
PRINCIPLES OF BEST PRACTICE IN AR 5 The two types of research have a difference in purpose. In traditional research the purpose is to solve a problem, usually by drawing a conclusion. Focus of traditional research is on progressing the field’s knowledge. Action research on the other hand is used to make decisions. It focuses on organizational and system improvement, by improving a particular part of the system or organization e.g. becoming a more effective teacher. Usually used in education, action research makes the cycle complete from the formulation of relevant questions to bringing change and improvement in teaching (Cooperrider, Whitney & Stavros, 2008). There is also a big difference between them in context, in which theory or hypothesis plays an important role in traditional research and not in action research. Its form the theory that conclusions are deduced. Traditional research questions derive form general theoretical propositions. In action research, theory plays a tertiary or secondary role, while research questions derive from specific situation and practice (Cooperrider, Whitney & Stavros, 2008).
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- Summer '14