Length with the vowel in the first word of the

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Comprehensive Medical Terminology
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 10
Comprehensive Medical Terminology
Jones
Expert Verified
length with the vowel in the first word of the following pairs longer in duration than thevowel in the second word. Long vowels in English are also produced with greater tensionof the tongue muscles than their shortcounterparts and are therefore also referred to astense vowels.Long (Tense) : /i/ as in beat, /e/ as in bait, /u/ as in boot, /o/ as in boatShort (Lax): /I/ as in bit, /ε/ as in bet, /U/ as in put, // as in boreLong tense vowels are sometimes also slightly diphthongized for some speakers of Englishwhose tense front vowels are followed by a short [j] glide, and whose tense back vowels bya short [w] glide. 3.5.2.4. Diphthongs9
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Comprehensive Medical Terminology
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 1 / Exercise 10
Comprehensive Medical Terminology
Jones
Expert Verified
Many languages, including English, have vowels called diphthongs(???) which can also bedescribed as a sequence of two sounds, vowel + glide. The vowel sounds in the words bite[baI] and rye[raI] are produced with the [a] vowel sound followed by the [j] glide. Thevowels in bout[baUt], brow[braU], and hour[aUr] are produced by some speakers ofEnglish with a similar [a] sound followed by the glide [w]. The third diphthong that occursin English is the vowel sound in boy[bI] and soil[sIl] which is the vowel that occurs inborefollowed by the palatal [j], [j].3.5.2.5. Nasalization of VowelsVowels, like consonants, can be produced with a raised velum that prevents the air fromescaping through the nose, or with a lowered velum that permits air to pass through thenasal passage. When the nasal passage is blocked, oralvowels are produced; when thenasal passage is open, nasal or nasalizedvowels are produced. In English, nasal vowelsoccur before nasal consonants, and oral vowels occur before oral consonants.The words, bean, bin, bane, Ben, ban, boon, bun, bone, beam, bam, boom, bing, bang,andbongare examples of words that contain nasalized vowels. To show the nasalization of avowel in a phonetic transcription a diacritic mark [~] is place over the vowel. In languageslike French, nasalized vowels may occur when no nasal consonant is adjacent.3.5.3. Prosodic Suprasegmental FeaturesSpeech sounds which are identical as to their place or manner features may differ in (i) duration (length), (ii) pitch, or (iii) loudness. A vowel can be lengthened by prolonging it. A consonant is made long by maintaining the closure or obstruction for a longer period of time. When we speak we also change the pitch of our voice. The pitch produced depends on how fast the vocal cords vibrate; the faster they vibrate, the higher the pitch. In physical or acoustic terms, pitch is referred to as the fundamental frequency of the sound signal. We are also able to change the loudness of the sounds and sound sequences. In many languages, some syllables or vowels are produced more loudly with a simultaneous change in pitch (usually higher) and longer duration than other vowels in the word or sentence.

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