3. Tolerance Training Option (sDNRO, or differential negative reinforcement of all other behaviors): Identify a length of time that you want the person not to perform the beh. The nonoccurrence of the target behavior for set time period provides escape or avoidance of the aversive event 4. Premack Contingency: Identify a regimen of tasks that , when completed, allows the client to escape the aversive condition or situation.
The relational objectives of CBC 1. Improve Communication, knowledge, and understanding of child, family and school 2. Promote shared ownership and joint responsibility for problem solution. 3. Promote Greater conceptulization of needs and concerns, and increase perspective taking. 4. Strengthen relationships within and across systems 5. Maximize opportunities to address needs and concerns across, rather than within settings. 6. Increase shared (parent and teacher) commitments to educational goals. 7. Increase the diversity of expertise and resources available. Ways to improve communication with families Table 3.4 1.Strive for a positive orientation rather than a deficit-based crisis orientation 2. Consider tone as well as content of your communications. 3. Develop and publicize regular, reliable, varied two-way communication systems. 4. Use effective conflict management strategies. 5. Keep the focus of communication on the child's performance. 6. Ensure that parents have needed info to support children's educational progress. 7. Create formal and informal opportunities to communicate and build trust between home and school 8. Underscore all communication with a shared responsibility between families and schools .
Contingency contracts - Behavior Contracts are also called a contingency contract. - Behavior contracts use reinforcement and punishment - Written agreement between 2 people. Agree to engage in specified level of target behavior. If not then a consequence occurs. Steps to establish contingency contracts 1. Identify the target behavior and the criterion level 2. State how the behavior will be measured. 3. State when the behavior must occur 4. Identify consequences 5. Identify who will implement the contingency 6. Signatures. How you determine appropriate replacement behaviors for target behavior - Replacement Behavior: appropriate behavior that serves the same function as target behavior. - Equal access to reinforcer. -Should be developmentally appropriate. - Appropriate to Context - Points to consider: Replacement behavior will not work if problem behavior continues to bring access to reinforcement . -Must have speedy access.
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- Fall '14
- Operant Conditioning, CBC, DNRO, infrequent problem behaviors