What do written goals become visible and tangible 81 What is the purpose of an

What do written goals become visible and tangible 81

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80.What do written goals become? 81.What is the purpose of an organization called? 82.When setting goals, what should a manager do after writing down the goals and communicating them to all who need to know?
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83. Three contingency factors that affect planning are length in the organization, degree of environmental uncertainty, and ____________. level of future commitments 84. ____________ planning dominates managers’ planning efforts at lower levels of the organization. Operational 85. The commitment concept means that plans should extend far enough to meet those commitments __________. made when the plans were developed 86. Planning for too long or too short a time period _______________. is inefficient and ineffective 87. As organizations expand and update their computing technology, they are _______________. committed to whatever future expenses are generated by that plan 88. How an organization plans can be best understood by looking at ____________. who does the planning 89. In the traditional approach to planning, planning was done entirely by top-level managers who were often assisted by ____________. a group of planning specialists 90. What is defined as a group of planning specialists whose sole responsibility was helping to write the various organizationalplans? 91.When can the traditional top-down approach to planning be effective? 92. When organizational members are more actively involved in planning, they see that the plans ____________. are more than just something written down on paper 93. Managers who continue to do the things required to achieve the original goals of a plan _______________. may not be able to cope with a changed environment 94.What is a frequently cited criticism of formal planning? 95. Visions have a tendency to _______________ as they evolve. become formalized 96.Formal planning focuses managers’ attention on what? 97.What argument against formal planning indicates that confidence in a plan is dangerous? 98. A wireless networking technology called Wi-Fi that links together information devices is __________. revolutionizing all kinds of industries 99. In an uncertain environment, managers want to develop _________ plans. 64
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specific but flexible Formal plans serve as a roadmap although the destination may be changing constantly due to _______________. dynamic market conditions
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  • Spring '08
  • Osland,A
  • Business, Management, Frederick Winslow Taylor

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