La santa barbara tucson mexicans where the original

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LA , Santa Barbara, Tucson- Mexicans where the original inhabitants Anglos- newcomers who pushed Mexicans into increasingly isolated districts on the outskirts- barrios Real-estate covenants tried to keep Mexican in barrios- bc no one would allow them to buy their houses
Areas were outside central-city multiethnic borders housing European immigrants Cultural Adaptations Many foreigners identified themselves as where they are from Native-born Americans categorized themselves by their nationality Americans encouraged foreigners to assimilate themselves to the American way of life English language- was sort of forced into their lives School and jobs Italian, Polish and Mexican were particular in keeping their heritage intact. 1870-1920- HUGE influx of immigrants! From basically a Protestant Nation to MANY religions Catholics and Jews tried to accommodate Phased out “Old World” rituals Saints’ Feasts Public vs. Religious Schools Immigrants were greeted with a stiff hostility Lots of religious tension Judaism Ended with American Folk Music/literature, Italian and Mexican cuisine, Irish cuisine, Yiddish Theater, African American jazz and dance etc. Living Conditions in the Inner City Poverty, Crime, Disease and tension between the people in close quarters Inner City Housing Lack of inexpensive living quarters distressed families Low-income families adapted by sharing little space Landlords exploited housing shortages by packing people into small spaces 2-3 families normally lived in one apartment 1890- NYC: 702 people per acre Conditions- harsh. Rooms (at best) were barely 10 feet wide. No windows- smelled bad. Privies- outdoor toilets Only source of heat was dangerous and polluting coal-burning stoves. Housing Reform Issues with housing sparked widespread reform campaigns NY state laws- 1867, 79, 1901. Made sure there was light, ventilation, and safety codes for buildings Reformers (Jacob Riis and Lawrence Veiller) advocated “model tenements”- that had spacious rooms for low-income families Strengthened local government’s power to oversee construction New Home Technology Technology ultimately revolutionized home life Furnaces, electric lighting, indoor plumbing Middle-class households Families used to buy coal and chop wood for cooking and heating Candles for life Hauled bath water Their homes increasingly connected to outside pipes and wires for gas, water, and electricity
The utilities help create new attitudes about privacy Scientific and technological advances helped city dwellers and the nation to live healthier. 1880’s- Began to believe disease was made by germs Made more efficient water purification Sewage disposal Stopped diseases Street paving, and modernizing firefighting equipment Steel-frame construction Made skyscrapers Steel-cable suspension bridges Brooklyn bridge

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