POLI 1050--Exam #2 (Spring 2018)--Answer Key.docx

22 which international relations paradigm perceives

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(22) Which international relations paradigm perceives conflict as the primary product of the security dilemma in which one state’s pursuit of security inherently makes another state feel less secure, resulting in an arms race and eventual conflict: a. Liberalism b. Realism (security dilemma is primary source of conflict in IR) c. Constructivism d. Post-Modernism (23) __________________________ is an example of an international regime in the economic realm: a. Global Trade Regime b. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime c. Human Rights Regime d. United Nations Regime (24) True / False : In order for a nation to possess a ‘minimal deterrent,’ they should possess more than 1,000 nuclear weapons with various methods of delivery (i.e. bombers, missiles, submarine-based capabilities, etc.) a. An appropriate minimal deterrent is between 200-300 weapons in total with various methods of delivery. 1,000 is way more than enough. 4
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(25) ___________________ was the first offensive cyberwarfare attack directed at stalling the Iranian nuclear weapons program and was likely carried out (but not publicly acknowledged) by the United States and Israel: a. Wikileaks b. Stuxnet c. Trojan Horse d. Red October e. VulcanBot (26) True / False : The United States is a key sponsor of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), having ratified it and banning all nuclear testing in 1996. a. The US signed the treaty in 1996, but failed to ratify it and thus has never formally joined the treaty and thus is not legally bound by its tenets. (27) The democratic peace theory at its core indicates that: a. Democratic states are unlikely to fight conflicts with non-democracies b. Democratic states are inherently more peaceful than non-democracies c. Authoritarian states are inherently more violent than democracies d. Democratic states are unlikely to fight conflicts with democracies (28) _________________ is an example of a hard law: a. Sovereignty (a norm/soft law) b. Principle of Non-Intervention ( a norm/soft law) c. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (an agreement codified in writing/hard law) d. Nuclear Taboo (a norm/soft law) e. All of the above are ‘hard’ laws (29) True / False : Each member-state of the United Nations gets a vote in the General Assembly and that is typically where the most significant decisions and policies are made within the United Nations. a. The most important decisions are discussed and made before the UN Security Council and not the General Assembly. (30) The _______________ paradigm would argue that international regimes and organizations are formed when a powerful state or states desire it to form and is thus a reflection of its/their interests, thus cooperation only occurs because the powerful desire it to. a. Liberalism b. Realism (believe that int’l institutions and cooperation only matter if a powerful state such as the US desires it to be enforced/effective) c. Constructivism d. Post-Structuralism 5
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(31) Economic sanctions levied by the United Nations against a state for violating international law in the realm of human rights is best categorized as a ______________ strategy of human rights enforcement: a. Hard, non-coercive b. Hard, coercive c. Soft, non-coercive d.
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