Neuroticis m age 23 age 31 stably single 011 010

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Neuroticis m Age 23 Age 31 Stably Single 0.11 0.10 Stably Coupled -0.22 -0.21 Newly Coupled 0.43* -0.22* Neyer & Lenhart, 2007 study: they had young adults about 23 years old who they followed at age 27 and 31. they measured the big 5 traits. they focussed on at age 23 had the persn ever had a significant romantic relationship. the more N, the less likely. SS (single at 23 and 31, 10%) SC (large percent! not necessarily with the same person), NC (most interested in this group). They measured N and SD (these are standardized z scores; mean is 0 ranging from +1 to -1). SS: they do not change at all for N and SD. SC also does not change. the people who are changing are the NC!! change is in a positive direction (less N and more SD). Something significant in most of our lives is that first relationship. Thursday, April 7, 2011
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15 Why Is personality so stable? Genetics; temperament there is strong evidence of a strong genetic component to personality. strong evidence that young children have a temperament which is a biological predisposition to be E or C or N, etc. Selection of environments; Elicitation of reinforcing responses if someone does have a more E temperament, it is likely they will elicit reinforcement for that temperament. a shy child will elicit reinforcement for that temperament (read on their own, etc). Thursday, April 7, 2011
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16 Implications of Stability: Costa & McCrae Just because people don't change their rank order as a result of aging doesn't mean they can't. cost and McCrae would say it is a good thing that our personality is consistent because we are picking a partner and can you imagine what havoc would be wreaked if we married someone and then they changed completely! It is not necessarily a bad thing that once we are adults our personality stays the same. evidence that Roberts presents shows that many of us can change our absolute level on the big 5 Also, people can change in how they adapt to their personality traits. they would say we can’t change our standing on N. but if you are high N it is upsetting when an expert says we will be stuck like that. Cost and McCrae would say that even though N will stay the same, we can change how we adapt to it. McAdams 2007: People can change in other aspects of their personality – personal adaptations & life narrative. he separates traits from other aspects of personality (like traits and self-concept) and suggests that the other aspects of personality are much more changeable. the aspect of personality that seems most fixed are big 5. Thursday, April 7, 2011
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To what extent do we change from childhood to adulthood? McAdams on rank order stability. Roberts 2007, over 5 years, stability r’s Children r = .41 a lot of possibility for change. it increases as we age in correlation therefore the time that we are most likely to change is when we are younger young adults r = .55 midlife adults r = .7 17 Thursday, April 7, 2011
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18 Temperament An infant’s typical mood, activity level, and emotional reactivity. (65%)
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  • Winter '11
  • KOESTNER
  • Big Five personality traits, neuroticism, Thursday, rank order

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