Abnormal sound (heart murmur) when a doctor is listening to the heart beating with a stethoscope, fatigue, shortness of breath, particularly when you have been very active or when you lie down, swelling of your ankles and feet, dizziness, fainting and irregular heartbeat (Heart Valve Disease, n.d). This patient has murmurs, ankle swelling, shortness of breath, and this coulda differential diagnosis. Diagnostic tests like echocardiography, electrocardiography, chest x-ray and others can be done.
P.This section is not required for the assignments in this course (NURS 6512) but will be required for future courses.ReferencesAlkan, S., & Nural, N. (n.d.). Evaluation of Symptoms and Predictors in Patients With Heart Failure in Turkey. JOURNAL OF HOSPICE & PALLIATIVE NURSING, 19(5), 404–412. American Heart Association. (n.d). Symptoms and Diagnosis of Cardiomyopathy. Retrieved from -cardiomyopathyAmreican Kidney Fund. (n.d). What causes kidney failure? Retrieved from Ball, J.W., Dains, J.E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2015). Seidel’s Guide to Physical Examination. (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: ElsevierHamada, M., Shigematsu, Y., Ohtani, T., & Ikeda, S. (n.d.). Elevated Cardiac Enzymes in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Patients With Heart Failure - A 20-Year Prospective Follow-up Study. CIRCULATION JOURNAL, 80(1), 218–226. -org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-15-0872Heart Valve Disease. (n.d). Symptoms and Causes. Retrieved from -causes/syc-20353727
James Foley, Lai Pun Tong, & Navin Ramphul. (2016). Message in a bottle. The use of chest radiography for diagnosis of pericardial effusion. African Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol 6, Iss 3, Pp 148-150 (2016), (3), 148. -org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1016/j.afjem.2016.01.004Maciej Kozioł, Piotr Piech, Paweł Obierzyński, Grzegorz Staśkiewicz, Grzegorz Opielak, & Robert Jan Łuczyk. (2018). Selected studies in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism – review. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, Vol 8, Iss 3, Pp 267-277 (2018), (3), 267.
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