Sought sweeping transformations in defeated south o Leader in senate Charles

Sought sweeping transformations in defeated south o

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Sought sweeping transformations in defeated south o Leader in senate – Charles Sumner of Massachusetts o Thaddeus Stevens Radical republican leader in house Advocate of Freedmen’s political and economic rights ° Radical reconstruction Reconstruction act of 1867 o Divided conquered south into 5 military districts o Readmission would happen after took necessary steps and ratified 14 th ° Impeachment of AJ 1868 not convicted by one vote ° election of 1868 and 15 th amendment Grant – republican o Supported radical reconstruction And urged sectional reconciliation Grant vs. Seymour
° ° TABLE 15.1 ° 13 th amendment 1865 prohibited slavery ° civil rights act of 1866 defined citizenship rights of freedmen authorized federal authorities to bring suit against those who violated those rights ° 14 th amendment 1866 est. national citizenship for persons born or naturalized in USA prohibited states from depriving citizens of their civil rights or equal protection under law reduced state representation in house by percentage of adult male citizens denied the vote ** reconstruction act 1867 divided south into 5 military districts each under command of a union general est. requirements for readmission of ex confederate states to the union tenure of office act 1867 required senate consent for removal of any federal official whose appointment had required senate confirmation ° 15 th amendment forbade states to deny citizens the right to vote on grounds of race, color, or previous condition of servitude ° Ku Klux Klan act 1871 Authorized president to use federal prosecutions and military force to suppress conspiracies to deprive citizens of the right to vote and enjoy the equal protection of the law ° ° Woman suffrage denied Seneca falls 1848 Minor v Happersett 1875 The meaning of freedom Voting rights Economic autonomy ° The quest for land ° Freed slaves and northerners: conflicting goal Wage labor and sharecropping By 1890 ¾ black farmers in south were tenants or sharecroppers Result = stagnant farm economy that blighted South’s future
South’s rural economy remained mired in widespread poverty and based on an uneasy compromise between landowners and laborers ° Republican government in south Belief in time – blacks unfit to govern Southern republican party included o former Whigs o A few former democrats o Black and white newcomers from north o Southern blacks Union league o Secret fraternal order o Blacks and whites o Powerful political association spread through former confederacy o Pressured congress to uphold justice for freedmen Ex confederates o Unhappy with blacks becoming politically educated o Called southern whites scalawags o Called northern whites carpetbaggers Reading Two: Henretta 467 - 493 First transcontinental railroad Jobs Money ° Republicans Believed government intervention in economy = key to nation building Enjoyed decade of unparalleled federal power Gov. spending per person very high after civil war Believed national economic integration was best guarantor of

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