Chapter 7 Practice Questions

Vertebrochondral false ribs 8 10 attach indirectly

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Vertebrochondral (false) ribs (#8-10) attach indirectly via costal cartilage #7 Vertebral (floating) ribs (#11 and 12) do not attach anteriorly. Topic: THORAX 40) Most ribs have four points at which they attach to other bones. Identify the parts of a rib referred to in the previous statement. Answer: Two facets on the head articulate with two adjacent vertebral bodies. The tubercle of a rib articulates with the transverse process of a thoracic vertebra. The anterior end of the rib attaches to a hyaline costal cartilage, which articulates with the sternum. Topic: THORAX SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. 41) The musculoskeletal system consists of _____, _____, and _____. Answer: muscles, bones, joints Topic: DIVISIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM 42) The two divisions of the skeletal system are _____ and _____. Answer: axial, appendicular Topic: DIVISIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM 43) Bones may be classified into five categories according to their shape. The four categories are _____, _____, _____, _____, and _____. Answer: flat, irregular, long, short, sesamoid Topic: TYPES OF BONES 44) According to shape classification, the scapula is a/an _____ bone. Answer: flat Topic: TYPES OF BONES 6
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45) According to shape classification, the phalanges of the fingers and toes are _____ bones Answer: long Topic: TYPES OF BONES 46) The cranial bones that contain no principal foramina are the _____ bones. Answer: parietal Topic: SKULL 47) The depression in the sphenoid bone known as the _____ is the location of the pituitary gland. Answer: sella turcica Topic: SKULL 48) If the squamous suture were separated (opened up), the parietal bone would be pulled away from the _____ bone. Answer: temporal Topic: SKULL 49) The _____ process of the temporal bone is a rounded projection posterior to the external auditory meatus that is a site of attachment for several neck muscles. Answer: mastoid Topic: SKULL 50) The hard palate is a bony partition formed by the _____ and the ____ bones. Answer: maxillae, palatine Topic: SKULL 51) Name the seven skull bones that help form each orbit. Answer: frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, lacrimal, palatine, zygomatic, maxilla Topic: SKULL 52) Of the eight bones that form the cranium, only the _____ and _____ bones are paired bones. Answer: temporal, parietal Topic: SKULL 53) The _____ are convex surfaces on either side of the foramen magnum that articulate with the atlas. Answer: occipital condyles Topic: SKULL 54) The two bones that form the zygomatic arch are the _____ and the _____. Answer: temporal, zygomatic Topic: SKULL 55) The superior part of the nasal septum, the middle nasal conchae, and the crista galli are formed by the _____ bone. 7
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Answer: ethmoid Topic: SKULL 56) Alveolar processes are features of two skull bones, the _____ and the _____, Answer: maxillae, mandible Topic: SKULL 57) The _____ bone does not articulate with any other bones, but is a site of attachment for muscles of the tongue, pharynx and neck.
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