WD D-Healthy Traveler

The purpose season and duration of the visit the mode

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The purpose, season, and duration of the visit, the mode of transportation, and the behavior and lifestyle of the traveler are also important in determining the likelihood of exposure to infectious agents. The overall health of the traveler is also a critical consideration. Medical Consultation Before Travel Travelers intending to visit a destination in a developing country should consult a travel medicine clinic or a physician at least 4-8 weeks before the journey, and preferably earlier for long-term travel or travel to remote areas. Last minute travelers should also consult a clinic or physician. A medical consultation is needed to determine the need for vaccinations and antimalarial medication, as well as any other medication the traveler may require. Medical advisors base their recommendations on an assessment 1 Behavior is a critical factor, regardless of the quality of accommodations. For example, going outdoors in a malaria- endemic area could result in becoming infected with malaria.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Healthy Traveler: Travel and Health Information from Quest Specialty Travel of risk for the individual traveler as well as any associated public health. Malaria: A Serious Health Risk for Travelers Each year an estimated 8 million North Americans travel to countries where malaria is common. Transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito, malaria is a serious and potentially fatal infectious disease that is characterized by headaches, fever, chills, and sweating. Malaria occurs mostly in poor tropical and subtropical areas of the world. In many of the countries affected by malaria, it is a leading cause of illness and death. In areas with high transmission, the most vulnerable groups are young children, who have not developed immunity to malaria yet, and pregnant women, whose immunity has been decreased by pregnancy. According to the Centers for Disease Control, malaria can usually be prevented if travelers to tropical and subtropical regions follow these preventive steps: First, inform yourself about the risk of acquiring malaria in the region of the world where you plan to travel. Malaria exists throughout the tropics, but it is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria hotspots change constantly, so check with a travel medicine specialist or the Centers for Disease Control for the latest developments before you travel. Second, take measures to prevent mosquito bites, particularly between dusk and dawn. Always sleep in a well-screened room, preferably under a mosquito net that has been treated with insecticide. During the evening, wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts, and apply an insect repellent that contains DEET. Finally, consult your physician or a travel medicine specialist several weeks prior to departure for advice on taking antimalarial drugs. Prophylaxis drugs need to be taken continuously, beginning before travel commences and continuing through up to four weeks after leaving malaria-endemic areas. Even if you take antimalarial pills, it is still possible to get malaria, so seek medical treatment promptly if you experience flu-like symptoms and are in or have recently visited an area where malaria is present. For more information on malaria prevention and other travel health issues, check out the Centers for Disease Control on the Internet at www.cdc.gov/travel.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 4

The purpose season and duration of the visit the mode of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online