Muslims form part of the equation According to homeland security, racial profiling is not only necessary but inevitable that race/ religion is a probative element in investigations owing to the national security is threat caused by Muslims who are extremist. Based on this fact it is hard for the security agencies to exclude the Muslims from the equation. Hence it’s sensible to concentrate on Maher Arar as an investigative target in the wake of “Islamic extremism.” Arar got the attention of RCMP staffs due to his relations & meeting with Mr Abdullah Almalki. Arar had many traits that might have noted him as a threat if one accept the efficacy of racial profiling: he was a Muslim who was well informed about wireless technology, was brought up in Syria and had visited several nations which had a connection to terrorism. The rise of Islamic
RACIAL PROFILING IN THE WAR ON TERRORISM 7 extremism is what formed the basis for racial profiling hence the homeland security came to a conclusion that Muslims were part of the equation. Homeland security carried out racial profiling with the sole aim of disrupting the operations of the terrorist/Muslims since they hold the belief that they are primary instigators of acts of terrorism (Durlauf, 2011, p, 419). Risk management strategy Homeland security carried out profiling since racial profiling makes statistical sense as a risk management & resource distribution technique. Racial profiling became popular within the circles of enforcers as an aspect of the overall move toward profiling and statistic based risk management assumptions. Instead of appealing to empty claim regarding deterrences and substitution, homeland security contended that racial profiling makes statistical or actuarial sense. The actuarial arguments for profiling are intended to appeal to value-free hard fact & seemingly neutral figures. Profiling is showcased as a factor within the practice of risk management. Racial profiling has been concluded to be a ‘smart law enforcement’. Homeland security holds the belief that if one knows that the threat comes from inside a certain ethnic group, then it’s logical/sensible to direct all resources to that particular ethnic group (Dubik, 2016). At the end of it all, statistical/actuarial techniques have been used successfully in law enforcement operations during the compilation of other forms of profiles like geographical profiling. Analysis of racial profiling in the war on terrorism Concentrating on Arabs, Muslims, and Sikhs who pose no or minimal risk to national security tends to detract anti-terrorism efforts. Firstly, it divert precious law enforcers resources away from investigation of people - like Arabs and Muslims that are suspected of being involved in terrorist activities by certain & reliable evidence. Secondly, it ignores the possibilities that
RACIAL PROFILING IN THE WAR ON TERRORISM 8 other individuals who do not fit the profile might be engaging in acts of terrorism, or they might be unwitting accomplices to terrorism. Racial profiling was not to be an inefficient measure of a
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- Fall '09
- September 11 attacks