The second example is more difficult to code and depends on contextual cues ie

The second example is more difficult to code and

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The second example is more difficult to code and depends on contextual cues (i.e., is the child just lightly humming bits of songs while drawing or is s/he singing loudly and pausing in his/her picture making to sing choruses). At any rate, the observer should make a strong attempt to determine the focus of the child’s attention. If this is impossible, the “code-up” rule should be invoked. Similarly, a child may converse with another and engage in another behavior simultaneously. If the “other” behavior is of a group play nature (e.g., group exploration or pretense), it is the group play category that is coded. One only codes conversation when it occurs in the absence of play or other ludic activities 15
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