By John Lirinic The Walrus What are the responsibilities of archaeologists to

By john lirinic the walrus what are the

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By John Lirinic, The Walrus - What are the responsibilities of archaeologists to descendent communities? Grace Islet: on Salt springs island, kayakers found human remains, owner had to pay for archaeologists to come in and investigate. Owner was told he could not build on this land as steps were required. ** dead man islands ** common findings around the area Anthropology WEEK 4, CLASS 1 Empires in the Americas: The Inka and Aztec States - Both led by kings through hereditary Tawantinsuyu ‘Land of the Four Quarters’ (INKA EMPIRE) Largest in terms of Geography 4000 KMS North to South - Late Horizon - AD 1438 - 1534 ? (Horizon periods- particular style/culture/doing things that spreads over a time period, like Inka ceramics) - Cuzco - Huge + rapid expansion within the 100 years. - More of a ‘territorial empire’ different leaders in provincial areas, state sponsored art Aztec Empire - The Mexica - Postclassic - AD 1200 to 1519 - Not a CONTINUOUS empire, some areas ruled by others - Population: 3-5 million, whole area with other groups.. 25 million people possibly - NOT a territorial state, but a HEGEMONIC empire (does not have direct control of its incorporating provinces in its empire, indirect role through tribute systems. - Marketplaces EMPIRE : - Expansive state with population in the MILLIONS. - Bigger than states, large, - Established through military conquest + domination of other societies - Central administration, supported by tribute + taxes - Internal diversity (culture, economy, ecology) MUMMIFIED RULERS: - Split inheritance - New ruler formed new lineage/panaca
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- Need for new territory ? Acrhaeological correlates of Empires: Criteria for identifying empires archaeologically? 1. Large, complex capital city with material displays of imperial ideology (markets, storage, crafts, religion) Imperial Stamp- geometrical shapes on ceramics 2. Economic exchange between capital + provinces (trade, people, asymmetrical *more going INTO capital then going out** 3. Political control of provinces 4. Influence beyond their borders Rise + Growth of the Inka Empire: - Expansion began in AD 1438 - Ends in 132, SPANISH ARRIVE - Believed to have arrived through cave, Manco Inka + Mama Ocollo- they have a son named Sinchi Roca - Less than 100 years - 10 million people or more Inka Capital: - Cuzco (roads are umbilical cord, connecting to bellybutton of the city *Cuzco) - Inka by blood (original high class/status Inka families) - Inka by privilege (descendants of local lords surrounding areas) - Most sacred temple- Coricancha * rounded architecture - showing the importance of the site, dedicated to God Inti (Sun God) Intensive Agriculture: - Terraces, Pisac, near Cuzco - Potatoes, Quinoa, - Animals, llamas and alpacas, - Land: Kings land, Temple or religious Land, ayllu Land (lineages) - Labour tax: assigned to community, rather than individuals. Each community provides so many days of labour to the state, IE; males building roads, terraces, agriculture duties, military duties. Females; weave, agriculture, brew beer. Mit’a ( just need to provide yourself, the state provides the good) which means storage in the state becomes a BIG DEAL. Store houses - Mitmaq- picked up whole communities and moved them to other places in the empire, IE if you were going to revolt, they would move you to a place where you could not, or to move communities into more productive areas. PERMANENTLY MOVED
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  • Fall '19
  • Aztec, Radiocarbon dating, Mexico City, Models of migration to the New World, Clovis culture

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