One condition the guard was compassionate and kind

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one condition, the guard was compassionate and kind and in the second condition, the guard expressed contempt at the inmates Before seeing either video, some participants were told that this guard was typical or atypical Results: Those who saw the compassionate guard believed prison guards were decent people in general. Those who saw the contempt guards believed that’s how they were in general as well Participants seemed to ignore if the guard was typical or atypical o Problem 4 – “man who” argument 2
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Illusory correlation : the phenomenon of perceiving a relationship between variables (typical people, events, etc.) even when no relationship exists o Draw a person test: 4. Framing effect… Framing effect : How things are framed (Worded) will influence a participants’ response o Example: The US is preparing for an outbreak that will kill 600 people. Which is better? (1) Program A saving 200 people (2) Program B; 1/3 probability that 600 will be saved and 2/3 probability that no one will be saved Most people picked A Reason-based choice : making decisions that we feel good about o Surgery study : medical doctors were asked how they would treat a particular patient. The first set of doctors got to offer surgery or medication and most recommended surgery. The second set of doctors got to offer surgery and two other medications (separate from one another) and most doctors still chose surgery Numbers from the first set to the second set jumped from 53% to 75% Emotions in decision making: o Somatic markers: a bodily arousal that guides your decision making (that “gut” feeling) o Part of the brain, the orbitofrontal cortex
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