Since the water for cleansing has not been dashed on them they are unclean

Since the water for cleansing has not been dashed on

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of the Lord. Since the water for cleansing has not been dashed on them, they are unclean. (Numbers 19: 14-20) - Take ashes from the temple from consecration ritual - Pay attention to use of water and the mention of 7 day periods When you come into the land that the Lord your God is giving you, you must not learn to imitate the abhorrent practices of those nations. No one shall be found among you who makes a son or daughter pass through fire, or who practices divination, or is a soothsayer, or an augur, or a sorcerer, or one who casts spells, or who consults ghosts or spirits, or who seeks oracles from the dead. (Deut. 18: 9-11) - Covenantal relationship - Do not want them to learn the practices of other nations - Pass through fire= performed human sacrifices and they cannot do this - Cannot seek divination from the dead - Wanted to maintain groups identity
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Hellenistic Period - Judians who survived who had been exiled to babylon came back and were under authority of the greeks and were influenced by greek philosophy and greek understanding and cosmology of the afterlife came in Death in early Greek literature Achilles: “By god, I’d rather slave on earth for another man— / some dirt-poor tenant farmer who scrapes to keep alive— / than rule down here over all the breathless dead” - Idea that the afterlife is an unpleasant place Platonic views of death - Plato changed this view of the unpleasant place for the dead - There is a firm distinction that can be made with body and soul (dualistic worldview) - The body is perishable and fundamentally less meaningful than the soul which at its core is pure and refined - The division between body and soul began to influence the jews at this time - Reflected in the apolaliptic literature Life and death in the Hebrew bible Death and resurrection in the apocalyptic literature Antiochus IV (215 – 164 BCE) - Syrian-Greek ruler who desecrated the temple in Jerusalem and outlawed Jewish religious practice on pain of death - Made it into a temple of zeus and sacrificed a pig in it and made the space ritually unclean - Lead to development of apocalyptic Dudaromic history- everything that does wrong is due to the misbehaviour of the covenant - Apocalyptic threw this idea out the window - Horrors like aniochus raised questions about whether this theological idea was true Apocalyptic literature - At some point in the future the evil will be punished and the wicked will be destroyed and the good will inherent to earth - Notion that human beings were eventually going to be judged and there would be a period of reward that would follow this life (based on Hellenistic dualistic view and Dudaromic questions) - Prompt the idea of resurrection- more religiously necessary to believe that if god is just and religious teachings are true it is necessary for evil to be punished and good to be rewarded and there must be some form of resurrection we can look forward to and after resurrection there will be a judgement Diversity of viewpoints
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- Pharisees
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  • Winter '17
  • Angela Sumegi
  • Judaism

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