The Dismal Science of Marx and Malthus Karl Marx and Thomas Malthus had

The dismal science of marx and malthus karl marx and

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The Dismal Science of Marx and Malthus Karl Marx and Thomas Malthus had decidedly poor reactions to Smith's treatise. Malthus predicted that growing populations would outstrip the food supply. He was proven wrong, however, because he didn't foresee technological innovations that would allow production to keep pace with a growing population. Nonetheless, his work shifted the focus of economics to the scarcity of things, versus the demand for them. (For related reading, see Economics Basics: Demand and Supply .)
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Speaking in Numbers Leon Walras, a French economist, gave economics a new language in his book "Elements of Pure Economics." Walras went to the roots of economic theory and made models and theories that reflected what he found there. General equilibrium theory came from his work, as well as the tendency to express economic concepts statistically and mathematically, instead of just in prose. Alfred Marshall took the mathematical modeling of economies to new heights, introducing many concepts that are still not fully understood, such as economies of scale , marginal utility and the real-cost paradigm.
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Keynesian Economics John Maynard Keynes' mixed economy was a response to charges levied by Marx, long ago, that capitalist societies aren't self-correcting. Marx saw this as a fatal flaw, whereas Keynes saw this as a chance for government to justify its existence. Keynesian economics is the code of action that the Federal Reserve follows, to keep the economy running smoothly. (To learn
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